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Preclinical and clinical studies demonstrated an inverse relationship between serotonergic activity and alcohol consumption. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) fluoxetine, citalopram, and fluvoxamine have subsequently been examined for their ability to reduce alcohol consumption in alcoholic subjects. Interindividual variability in response(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the differential effects of citalopram on alcohol consumption in nondepressed women and men with mild to moderate alcohol dependence. DESIGN Prospective, placebo-controlled study. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-one subjects (34 men and 27 women). INTERVENTIONS After a 2-week baseline, subjects were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of citalopram(More)
Repeated exposure to pain under the influence of the opiate antagonists naloxone and naltrexone leads to the recruitment of substantial analgesia as measured by paw-lick latency on the hot-plate test (4,11). One hypothesis to explain this naloxone-induced analgesia (NIA) is that nociceptive stimulation in the face of opiate blockade becomes stressful enough(More)
BACKGROUND Cycle training intensity for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is normally based on an incremental cycle test. Such tests are expensive and not readily available to clinicians. The six-minute walk test (6MWT) has been proposed as an alternative to an incremental cycle test for this purpose, based on the findings of(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are prescribed alone and in combination with other psychotropic medications in the treatment of a variety of psychiatric disorders. Such combinations create the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions by affecting the activity of the cytochromes P450 (CYP450), drug metabolizing oxidative enzymes. SSRIs are(More)
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