Danielle Gonbeau

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A simple way to obtain a conducting nanocomposite is described, and the conducting particles are characterized. Core-shell particles [polystyrene-polyaniline (PANI)] have been obtained by the dispersion process from three types of polystyrene latexes: a no-cross-linked core stabilized by a nonylphenolethoxylate (NP40) and two cross-linked cores stabilized(More)
Li-ion batteries have contributed to the commercial success of portable electronics and may soon dominate the electric transportation market provided that major scientific advances including new materials and concepts are developed. Classical positive electrodes for Li-ion technology operate mainly through an insertion-deinsertion redox process involving(More)
Li-S rechargeable batteries are attractive for electric transportation because of their low cost, environmentally friendliness, and superior energy density. However, the Li-S system has yet to conquer the marketplace, owing to its drawbacks, namely, soluble polysulfide formation. To tackle this issue, we present here a strategy based on the use of a(More)
Although Li-rich layered oxides (Li1+xNiyCozMn1-x-y-zO2 > 250 mAh g(-1)) are attractive electrode materials providing energy densities more than 15% higher than today's commercial Li-ion cells, they suffer from voltage decay on cycling. To elucidate the origin of this phenomenon, we employ chemical substitution in structurally related Li2RuO3 compounds.(More)
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that rely on cationic redox reactions are the primary energy source for portable electronics. One pathway toward greater energy density is through the use of Li-rich layered oxides. The capacity of this class of materials (>270 milliampere hours per gram) has been shown to be nested in anionic redox reactions, which are(More)
Silicon is a very good candidate for the next generation of negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries, due to its high rechargeable capacity. An important issue for the implementation of silicon is the control of the chemical reactivity at the electrode/electrolyte interface upon cycling, especially when using nanometric silicon particles. In this work we(More)
Lithium alkyl carbonates ROCO2Li result from the reductive decomposition of dialkyl carbonates, which are the organic solvents used in the electrolytes of common lithium-ion batteries. They play a crucial role in the formation of surface layers at the electrode/electrolyte interfaces. In this work, we report on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)(More)
X-ray photoelectron valence spectra of lithium salts LiBF4, LiPF6, LiTFSI, and LiBETI have been recorded and analyzed by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, with good agreement between experimental and calculated spectra. The results of this study are used to characterize electrode/electrolyte interfaces of graphite negative electrodes in(More)
Various defects--either bright or dark triangular defects--are observed on the (001) titanium disulfide surface by ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy. The experimental interpretations of the images available in the literature suggest that a fraction of Ti atoms could be displaced from the octahedral site they occupied to vacant sites of the(More)
The role of the transition metal nature and Al2O3 coating on the surface reactivity of LiCoO2 and LiNi(1/3)Mn(1/3)Co(1/3)O2 (NMC) materials were studied by coupling chemisorption of gaseous probes molecules and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopy. The XPS analyses have put in evidence the low reactivity of the LiMO2 materials toward basic gaseous probe(More)