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The chick dermis is known to control the formation of feathers and interfeathery skin in a hexagonal pattern. The evidence that the segregation of two types of fibroblasts involves Delta/Notch signalling is based on three facts. Rings of C-Delta-1-expressing fibroblasts precede and delimit the forming feather primordia. C-Delta-1 is uniformly expressed in(More)
  • D Dhouailly
  • 1973
SUMMARY 1. The capacity of skin constituents to participate in feather and hair morphogenesis has been analysed in chick and mouse embryos. 2. Reconstituted homo-and heterospecific skin explants, consisting of epidermis and dermis from both species, were cultured for 8 days on the chorioallantoic membrane of the chick. 3. Recombinants of dorsal 11-5-and(More)
The dorsal surfaces of mammalian tongues are covered with numerous projections known as filiform papillae whose morphology varies in different species. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies to keratins as probes, we have established that, in both human and mouse, the interpapillary epithelia express mainly the "esophageal-type" keratins, while the(More)
Keratins form the intermediate filaments in almost all epithelial cells in vertebrates. The keratins of the rabbit corneal epithelium have previously been shown to be composed of a major keratin pair, formed by an acidic keratin K12 and a basic keratin K3, together with a minor keratin pair (acidic K14 and basic K5). Using electrophoretic and immunological(More)
To investigate the origin and nature of the signals responsible for specification of the dermatomal lineage, excised axial organs in 2-day-old chick embryos were replaced by grafts of the dorsal neural tube, or the ventral neural tube plus the notochord, or aggregates of cells engineered to produce Sonic hedgehog (Shh), Noggin, BMP-2, Wnt-1, or Wnt-3a. By(More)
Recent work has shown remarkable plasticity between neural and hematopoeitic, as well as between hematopoeitic and muscle stem cells, depending on environmental stimuli (Fuchs, E. and Segre, J. A. (2000) Cell 100, 143-155). Stem cells give rise to a proliferative transient amplifying population (TA), which is generally considered to be irreversibly(More)
In the chick embryo, large scales (scuta) form on days 9-11 on the anterior face of the shank and the upper surface of the toes; smaller scales (scutella) appear on day 11 on the posterior face of the shank; most of the smallest scales (reticula) form on days 12 and 13 on the plantar surface of the foot. A single injection of 125 micrograms of retinoic acid(More)
We studied the expression of two distantly clustered Hox genes which could, respectively, be involved in specification of dorsal feather- and foot scale-forming skin in the chick embryo: cHoxc-8, a median paralog, and cHoxd-13, located at the 5' extremity of the HoxD cluster. The cHoxc-8 transcripts are present at embryonic day 3.5 (E3.5) in the somitic(More)
The chick dorsal feather-forming dermis originates from the dorsomedial somite and its formation depends primarily on Wnt1 from the dorsal neural tube. We investigate further the origin and specification of dermal progenitors from the medial dermomyotome. This comprises two distinct domains: the dorsomedial lip and a more central region (or intervening(More)
In previous biochemical analyses, keratin 5 (Mr 58,000) has been detected in most mesotheliomas with epithelial component but not in pulmonary adenocarcinomas (Blobel et al., Am J Pathol 121: 235-247, 1985). In the present study, we have characterized a monoclonal antibody, AE14, as being selectively specific for keratin 5 (apart from the reactivity with(More)