Danielle Casanova

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Propagation of the agents responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in cultured cells has been achieved for only a few cell lines. To establish efficient and versatile models for transmission, we developed neuroblastoma cell lines overexpressing type A mouse prion protein, MoPrP(C)-A, and then tested the susceptibility of the cells to(More)
The molecular mechanism of neurodegeneration in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies remains uncertain. In this study, it was demonstrated that prion-infected hypothalamic neuronal GT1 cells displayed a higher sensitivity to induced oxidative stress over noninfected cells. In addition, the infected cells presented an increased lipid peroxidation and(More)
Relatively limited information is available on the processing and function of the normal cellular prion protein, PrP(C). Here it is reported for the first time that PrP(C) undergoes a site-specific cleavage of the octapeptide repeat region of the amino terminus on exposure to reactive oxygen species. This cleavage was both copper- and pH-dependent and was(More)
The improvement of gene therapy vectors would benefit from the availability of a reporter gene that can be used for long-term studies in immunocompetent laboratory animals. We describe the construction and characterization of a novel reporter gene, murine secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase (MUSEAP). We demonstrate by gene transfer in skeletal muscle of(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies form a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders that have the unique property of being infectious, sporadic, or genetic in origin. Although some doubts about the nature of the responsible agent of these diseases remain, it is clear that a protein called PrP(Sc) plays a central role. PrP(Sc) is a conformational(More)
Prion diseases are irreversible progressive neurodegenerative diseases, leading to severe incapacity and death. They are characterized in the brain by prion amyloid deposits, vacuolisation, astrocytosis, neuronal degeneration, and by cognitive, behavioural and physical impairments. There is no treatment for these disorders and stem cell therapy therefore(More)
We have isolated an NH2-terminal fragment of filamin (M(r) = 70,000) after digestion with Staphylococus aureus V8 protease. This fragment was shown to interact with filamentous actin in cosedimentation assays. Using cross-reactive anti-peptides antibodies directed against the strongly conserved 27-mer sequence of alpha-actinin, already implicated as an(More)
We have purified dystrophin from Torpedo marmorata electric tissue by means of alkaline extraction in conjunction with an affinity chromatography column using anti-peptide antibodies. Using solution (cosedimentation) and solid phase experiments (sedimentation with Sepharose filamentous actin and ELISA), we have demonstrated that purified dystrophin is able(More)
The neuroblastoma-derived cell line N2a is permissive to certain prion strains but resistant sublines unable to accumulate the pathological proteinase-K resistant form of the prion protein can be isolated. We compared for gene expression and phenotypes different N2a sublines that were susceptible or resistant to the 22L prion strain. Karyotypes and(More)
The study of prion transmission and targeting is a major scientific issue with important consequences for public health. Only a few cell culture systems that are able to convert the cellular isoform of the prion protein into the pathologic scrapie isoform of the prion protein (PrP(Sc)) have been described. We hypothesized that central nervous system neural(More)