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The prospect of assisting disabled patients by translating neural activity from the brain into control signals for prosthetic devices, has flourished in recent years. Current systems rely on neural activity present during natural arm movements. We propose here that neural activity present before or even without natural arm movements can provide an(More)
The contribution of dopamine (DA) to the locomotion elicited by activation of nucleus accumbens (NAcc) metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) was investigated in the rat. Different groups of rats were pretreated with bilateral microinjections of either 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or its vehicle into the NAcc and, on separate tests starting 10 days later,(More)
Prostate cancer stem cells (CSCs) are defined by their extensive self-renewal, differentiation and tumor initiation properties. It is now clear that CSCs are involved in tumor growth and recurrence, and resistance to conventional treatments. The sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway has a crucial role in stemness and tumorigenesis. Thus, the strategy that suppresses(More)
  • E W Alton, M Stern, R Farley, A Jaffe, S L Chadwick, J Phillips +15 others
  • 1999
BACKGROUND We and others have previously reported significant changes in chloride transport after cationic-lipid-mediated transfer of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene to the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. We studied the safety and efficacy of this gene transfer to the lungs and nose of patients with(More)
An important challenge for neural prosthetics research is to record from populations of neurons over long periods of time, ideally for the lifetime of the patient. Two new advances toward this goal are described, the use of local field potentials (LFPs) and autonomously positioned recording electrodes. LFPs are the composite extracellular potential field(More)
This article describes the patient-centered Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER), which is part of the recently formed PCORnet, a national network composed of learning healthcare systems and patient-powered research networks funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). It is designed to be a(More)
IMPORTANCE "Nudges" that influence decision making through subtle cognitive mechanisms have been shown to be highly effective in a wide range of applications, but there have been few experiments to improve clinical practice. OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of a behavioral "nudge" based on the principle of public commitment in encouraging the judicious(More)
INTRODUCTION Poor data quality can be a serious threat to the validity and generalizability of clinical research findings. The growing availability of electronic administrative and clinical data is accompanied by a growing concern about the quality of these data for observational research and other analytic purposes. Currently, there are no widely accepted(More)
These data are submitted with limited rights under Government Contract Number NAS8-98033. These data may be reproduced and used by the Government with the express limitation that they will not, without written permission of the Contractor, be used for purposes of manufacture nor disclosed outside the Government; except that the Government may disclose these(More)
Large-scale comparative effectiveness research studies require detailed clinical data collected across disparate clinical practice settings and institutions. Distributed research networks (DRNs) have been promoted as one approach to wide-scale data sharing that enables data sharing organizations to retain local data ownership and access control. Despite(More)