Daniella Meeker

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The prospect of assisting disabled patients by translating neural activity from the brain into control signals for prosthetic devices, has flourished in recent years. Current systems rely on neural activity present during natural arm movements. We propose here that neural activity present before or even without natural arm movements can provide an(More)
Time of Day and theDecision to Prescribe Antibiotics Clinicians make many patient care decisions each day. The cumulative cognitive demand of these decisions may erode clinicians’ abilities to resist making potentially inappropriate choices. Psychologists, who refer to the erosion of selfcontrol after making repeated decisions as decision fatigue,1,2 have(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a citation analysis to explore the impact of articles published in Health Psychology and determine whether the journal is fulfilling its stated mission. DESIGN Six years of articles (N = 408) representing three editorial tenures from 1993-2003 were selected for analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Articles were coded for several(More)
Health care providers serving vulnerable patients in Los Angeles have developed programs intended to increase diabetes control through more-intensive patient education and engagement. We examined two programs, the first using a short-term intensive intervention by a care team including nurses and a specialist, and the second integrating case management and(More)
IMPORTANCE Interventions based on behavioral science might reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing. OBJECTIVE To assess effects of behavioral interventions and rates of inappropriate (not guideline-concordant) antibiotic prescribing during ambulatory visits for acute respiratory tract infections. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Cluster randomized(More)
IMPORTANCE "Nudges" that influence decision making through subtle cognitive mechanisms have been shown to be highly effective in a wide range of applications, but there have been few experiments to improve clinical practice. OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of a behavioral "nudge" based on the principle of public commitment in encouraging the judicious(More)
BACKGROUND Calls for improvement in end-of-life care have focused attention on the management of pain and other troubling symptoms at the end of life. OBJECTIVE To describe changes in pain intensity and symptom prevalence during the last year of life from 1998 to 2010. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING The HRS (Health and Retirement Study), a(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for nonbacterial infections leads to increases in the costs of care, antibiotic resistance among bacteria, and adverse drug events. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the most common reason for inappropriate antibiotic use. Most prior efforts to decrease inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for ARIs(More)