Daniell B. Hill

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Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains a leading cause of death from liver disease in the United States for which there is no FDA-approved therapy. Abnormal cytokine metabolism is a major feature of ALD. Elevated serum concentration levels of TNF-alpha and TNF-alpha-inducible cytokines/chemokines, such as IL-6, -8, and -18, have been reported in patients(More)
Cytokines are low-molecular-weight mediators of cellular communication produced by multiple cell types in the liver, with the Kupffer cell critically important. Inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, and interleukin-8, and hepatic acute-phase cytokines such as interleukin-6 play a role in modulating certain metabolic(More)
There are few data evaluating plasma and/or peripheral blood monocyte cytokine concentrations/production or attempts to manipulate proinflammatory cytokines in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). A pilot project in a general clinical research center evaluated the effects of a step 1 American Heart Association diet plus aerobic exercise with or without 800(More)
In experimental animals, injection of gram-negative endotoxin (LPS) decreases hepatic cytochrome P450-mediated drug metabolism. To evaluate this phenomenon in a human model of gram-negative sepsis, LPS was administered on two consecutive days to healthy male volunteers during which time a cocktail of antipyrine (AP-250 mg), hexobarbital (HB-500 mg), and(More)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains an important complication and cause of morbidity and mortality from alcohol abuse. Major developments in our understanding of the mechanisms of ALD over the past decade are now being translated into new forms of therapy for this disease process which currently has no FDA approved treatment. Cytokines are low molecular(More)
UNLABELLED Obesity and the metabolic syndrome are closely correlated with hepatic steatosis. Simple hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can be a precursor to more serious liver diseases, such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The pathogenic mechanisms underlying(More)
Although S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) has beneficial effects in many hepatic disorders, the effects of SAMe on acute alcohol-induced liver injury are unknown. In the present study, we investigated effects of SAMe on liver injury in mice induced by acute alcohol administration. Male C57BL/6 mice received ethanol (5 g/kg BW) by gavage every 12 hrs for a total(More)
Activated monocytes and macrophages have been postulated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Monocyte activation can be documented by measurement of neopterin, adhesion cell molecules, and certain proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. We first became interested in the role of monocytes and monocyte-derived(More)
Almost all patients with liver disease, especially advanced liver disease, have some evidence of malnutrition, including mineral/vitamin deficiency. A major health trend in the United States has been the significant growth in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), including nutrition supplements and herbal agents. In the 1990s, the United(More)
It has become increasingly evident that one of the most fruitful approaches to understanding cellular processes and their relation to disease consists of large-scale gene profiling of cells, tissues, and organs. This also constitutes a first step in exploring the molecular biologic basis of various diseases. In the current study, we used cDNA microarray(More)