Daniele Serranti

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BACKGROUND Pediatric tuberculosis of the central nervous system (CNS-TB) is a severe form of extrapulmonary TB. It is most common in children between 6 months and 4 years of age. CNS-TB can present as meningitis and/or tuberculoma. In both situations, brain damage results from a cytokine-mediated inflammatory response, which causes vasculitis, obstructive(More)
INTRODUCTION Cytomegalovirus is the most common cause of congenital infections in humans and it produces considerable morbidity in newborns. AIMS The present study reviews current concepts on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, future strategies and prognosis of children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES Congenital toxoplasmosis is a particular manifestation of Toxoplasma gondii infection, which may present as a mild or severe neonatal disease. This pathology remains a difficult challenge in terms of therapy for the pediatrician and gynecologist. In this article we have set ourselves the objective to provide an overview of the main aspects of the(More)
We describe two previously healthy children who were hospitalized in the same period in different departments of our University with clinical signs of Kawasaki syndrome, which were treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and acetylsalicylic acid: in both cases, Coxsackie virus infection was concurrently demonstrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,(More)
Knowing the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is essential for planning appropriate vaccination policies. However, IMD may be underestimated because of misdiagnosis or insufficiently sensitive laboratory methods. Using a national molecular surveillance register, we assessed the number of cases misdiagnosed and diagnoses obtained postmortem(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies performed in adults correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs rs12979860 and rs8099917) located on chromosome 19, upstream of the interleukin 28B gene, with spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus and with response to treatment with paginated interferon and ribavirin. The aim of the present(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiviness of spiramycin/cotrimoxazole (Sp/C) versus pyrimethamine/sulfonamide (Pyr/Sul) and spiramycin alone (Spy) on mother-to-child transmission of toxoplasmosis infection in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study of pregnant women evaluated for suspected toxoplasmosis between 1992 and 2011. RESULT A total of 120(More)
Antimicrobial agents are important causes of drug-induced liver injury. They are responsible for about 45% of cases of drug hepatotoxicity. Hepatic damage mechanisms are intrinsic or idiosyncratic. Usually, antibiotics are responsible for idiosyncratic toxicity. This review summarizes the rate of incidence and clinical features of hepatotoxicity due to(More)
OBJECTIVES Pediatric hepatitis C mainly occurs through mother to child transmission, to date. Children usually present a mild disease, but they are not spared from its long-term complications. Thus this infection cannot be underestimated in children and intervention is necessary. Current treatment is based on the administration of pegylated-interferon(More)
Children bear a substantial part of the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic worldwide, and it is estimated that there were ≅ 500.000 childhood TB cases globally in 2010, although accurate data are problematic to obtain given the many difficulties associated with TB diagnosis in children and the weaknesses of surveillance systems in countries where TB is endemic. The(More)