Daniele Santini

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BACKGROUND Following the discovery that mutant KRAS is associated with resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies, the tumours of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer are now profiled for seven KRAS mutations before receiving cetuximab or panitumumab. However, most patients with KRAS wild-type tumours still do not respond.(More)
PURPOSE The objective is to investigate whether polymorphisms with putative influence on fluorouracil/oxaliplatin activity are associated with clinical outcomes of patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with first-line oxaliplatin, folinic acid, and fluorouracil palliative chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Consecutive patients were(More)
PURPOSE PTEN, AKT, and KRAS are epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) downstream regulators. KRAS mutations confer resistance to cetuximab. This retrospective study investigated the role of PTEN loss, AKT phosphorylation, and KRAS mutations on the activity of cetuximab plus irinotecan in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND KRAS codons 12 and 13 mutations predict resistance to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (moAbs) in metastatic colorectal cancer. Also, BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with resistance. Additional KRAS mutations are described in CRC. METHODS We investigated the role of KRAS codons 61 and 146 and BRAF V600E mutations in predicting resistance(More)
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the incidence of cancer was 12 667 470 new cases in 2008 and, based on projections, it will be >15 million in 2020 [1]. Consistent with this, a systematic review of the literature, which investigated the prevalence of pain in different disease stages and types of cancer during the period 1966–2005[2], showed(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether polymorphisms with putative influence on fluorouracil/cisplatin activity are associated with clinical outcomes of patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Peripheral blood samples from 175 prospectively enrolled AGC patients treated with fluorouracil/cisplatin palliative chemotherapy were used for(More)
PURPOSE On the basis of stimulating data on animals reporting that weekly regimens of zoledronic acid (ZA) were effective in reducing skeletal tumor burden, we designed a study on humans to investigate the potential antiangiogenic role of a weekly low-dose therapy with ZA in patients with malignancies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Twenty-six consecutive patients(More)
Bone metastases are common in patients with many types of cancer, especially breast and prostate cancer--in which the incidence is approximately 70% among patients with advanced metastatic disease. Aminobisphosphonates (NBPs) have entered clinical practice in the treatment of bone metastases from several neoplasms, including breast and prostate(More)
INTRODUCTION The primary tumour type most likely to metastasize to the brain is lung cancer. In heavily pre-treated patients, limited therapeutic option is available and the results of availability therapies reported in literature are disappointing. The present phase II study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of temozolomide (TMZ) as palliative(More)
The primary end point of the study was the analysis of associations between polymorphisms with putative influence on 5-fluorouracil/irinotecan activity and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with first-line FOLFIRI chemotherapy. Peripheral blood samples from 146 prospectively enrolled patients were used for(More)