Daniele P. Romancino

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The piwi/argonaute family of proteins is involved in key developmental processes such as stem cell maintenance and axis specification through molecular mechanisms that may involve RNA silencing. Here we report on the cloning and characterization of the sea urchin piwi/argonaute family member seawi. Seawi is a major component of microtubule-ribonucleoprotein(More)
A distinctive feature of Alzheimer's disease is the deposition of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in senile or diffuse plaques. The 42 residue beta-peptide (Abeta42) is the predominant form found in plaques. In the present work we report a high-yield expression and purification method of production of a recombinant Abeta42. The purified recombinant peptide(More)
We have identified and partially characterised two antigens, extracted with 3% butanol, from Paracentrotus lividus embryos dissociated at the blastula stage, and encoded by the cDNA clones previously described as bep1 and bep4 (bep-butanol extracted proteins). The cDNA fragments containing the specific central portions of bep1 and bep4 were expressed as MS2(More)
The sea urchin provides a relatively simple and tractable system for analyzing the early stages of embryo development. Here, we use the sea urchin species, Paracentrotus lividus, to investigate the role of Alix in key stages of embryogenesis, namely the egg fertilization and the first cleavage division. Alix is a multifunctional protein involved in(More)
The temporal expression of two cell surface proteins, called BEP1 and BEP4, during Paracentrosus lividus embryonic development was studied. These proteins are found in both monomeric and dimeric forms in egg and embryos and we have established that their specific form is related to their being in the cytoplasm or on the cell surface. The spatial(More)
We have identified the presence of type I collagen (COLL1alpha) mRNA in Paracentrotus lividus unfertilized egg, indicating a maternal origin of this mRNA. By in situ whole mount hybridization the spatial distribution of COLL1alpha mRNA in egg and embryo at different developmental stages was established. Moreover, the presence of COLL1alpha gene in(More)
Localization of Paracentrotus lividus bep maternal mRNAs at the animal pole occurs by association with the cytoskeleton and involves a 54-kDa protein, called LP54, that is able to bind to the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of bep mRNAs. We describe here the isolation and purification of this protein. Antibodies raised against purified LP54 allowed us to(More)
Paracentrotus lividus unfertilized eggs were centrifuged in a sucrose gradient, so to split each into two parts: a nucleated light fragment and an anucleated heavy fragment. Northern blot analyses utilizing a bep4 probe as animal marker and H2A histone gene and 12S-mit RNA as controls indicate that the eggs are elongated along the animal-vegetal axis during(More)
Bep mRNAs, i.e., maternal messengers coding for cell surface proteins, are localized in the animal part of Paracertrotus lividus egg and embryos. Here we have examined the involvement of the cytoskeleton in asymmetric distribution of bep3 mRNA. Moreover, in order to understand whether and how cis- and trans-acting factors are necessary for bep3 mRNA(More)
The effect of doxorubicin and phenytoin on Paracentrotus lividus development and fertilization is reported. Doxorubicin at concentrations between 1.4 and 1.8 microM causes severe disturbances of development and at 2.0 microM, complete embryonic degeneration, if added in the period from fertilization on. Concentrations up to 20 microM are ineffective on(More)