Learn More
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPPV) is a well-defined syndrome characterized by direction-changing horizontal positional nystagmus. We report the clinical features of 5 patients who illustrate the possible variables of the syndrome. In most cases, nystagmus is geotropic and more intense when the pathological(More)
BACKGROUND Converging evidence indicates that action observation and action-related sounds activate cross-modally the human motor system. Since olfaction, the most ancestral sense, may have behavioural consequences on human activities, we causally investigated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) whether food odour could additionally facilitate the(More)
The first reports of an involvement of the lateral canal (LC) in paroxysmal positional vertigo (PPV), were published in 1985, by Luciano Cipparrone et al., from Italy and Joseph McClure from Canada. The increasing interest of otolaryngologists and neurologists has led to a progressive advance in the knowledge of this labyrinthine disorder regarding its(More)
Horizontal-canal paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-PPV) is a vestibular syndrome due to canalolithiasis of the horizontal canal. The more common posterior-canal paroxysmal positional vertigo has a well defined and effective therapy, while there have been few reports on physical therapy for HC-PPV, and these have been tried in relatively few patients. We(More)
Over a period of 4 years we observed 15 cases of benign positional vertigo (BPV) probably caused by deposition of otoliths in the horizontal semicircular canal. Rapid rolling onto one side in recumbent position provokes a paroxysmal, purely horizontal and geotropic nystagmus which nearly always spontaneously inverts direction. Rolling the patient onto the(More)
It has been postulated that bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) may be the result of an ongoing autoimmune process against the inner ear and a pattern of progressive bilateral SNHL linked to an autoimmune inner ear disorder has been reported. Various attempts have been made to develop an assay to confirm the diagnosis of autoimmune inner ear(More)
Although dizziness is a common presenting symptom in general and hospital practice, its social cost is not known. We assessed the social and work life impact of dizziness on patients in two contrasting European cities, Siena and London. First, we developed the 'Social life & Work Impact of Dizziness questionnaire' (SWID), which was validated by(More)
The present study compares the efficacy and safety of betahistine dihydrochloride to that of a placebo in recurrent vertigo resulting from Meniere's disease (MD) or in paroxysmal positional vertigo (PPV) of probable vascular origin. The design was double-blind, multicentre and parallel-group randomised. Eleven Italian centres enrolled 144 patients: 75 of(More)
The liberatory maneuver of Semont is an effective physical treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. It works because it causes otoconia to move out the posterior canal. The effectiveness of the maneuver is thought to be indicated by the appearance of a liberatory nystagmus. After the maneuver, patients are usually instructed to keep their heads(More)