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We are concerned with the numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes and Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations using the Hybridizable Discontinuous Galerkin (HDG) methods recently introduced in Ref. [34]. These methods are computationally more efficient and accurate than other discontinuous Galerkin methods and hence, well suited to be applied to CFD(More)
Bio-nanopatterning of surfaces is becoming a crucial technique with applications ranging from molecular and cell biology to medicine. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is one of the most useful tools for nanopatterning of flat surfaces. However, these patterns are usually built on homogeneous surfaces and require chemical functionalization to ensure specific(More)
This study presents a cross-correlated surface and near surface investigation of two phlogopite polytypes from Kasenyi kamafugitic rocks (SW Uganda) by means of advanced Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), confocal microscopy and Raman micro-spectroscopy. AFM revealed comparable nanomorphology and electrostatic surface potential for the two mica polytypes. A(More)
Difluoromethane (CH2F2, HFC-32) has been proposed as a valid replacement for both CFCs and HCFCs (in particular HCFC-22), and nowadays it is widely used in refrigerant mixtures. Due to its commercial use, in the last years, the atmospheric concentration of HFC-32 has increased significantly. However, this molecule presents strong absorptions within the(More)
This paper deals with an application of 3D finite element analysis to the electrostatic interaction between (i) a commercial rectangular shaped cantilever (with an integrated anisotropic pyramidal tip) and a conductive sample, when a voltage difference is applied between them, and (ii) a focused ion beam (FIB) modified cantilever in order to realize a probe(More)
We present a simple method, based on the modification of a widespread atomic force microscope, that allows the simultaneous acquisition of the sample topography and RF spectra at the nanoscale minimizing the parasitic capacitance of the cantilever. We used a microcantilever set with its long axis perpendicular to the specimen surface and connected to a(More)
In this work, we studied the interaction of glycine with the (001) surface of chlorite mineral at a single molecule level by cross-correlating scanning probe microscopy (SPM) and ab initio quantum mechanics (QM) investigations. Chlorite mineral is particularly interesting and peculiar for the interaction with organic molecules because it presents an(More)
In this paper, we show that positive and negative charges can be injected into the surface of SiO(2)/Si(3)N(4)/SiO(2)/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure material by using a biased tip of a scanning probe microscope. Furthermore, the injected charges can be erased with the same tip once grounded, working in slow scan and contact mode. Surface potential measurements(More)
The investigation of the nanoscale distribution of electrostatic forces on material surfaces is of paramount importance for the development of nanotechnology, since these confined forces govern many physical processes on which a large number of technological applications are based. For instance, electric force microscopy (EFM) and(More)
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