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A female offspring of consanguineous parents, showed features of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), including recurrent infections, eczema, thrombocytopenia, defective T cell proliferation and chemotaxis, and impaired natural killer cell function. Cells from this patient had undetectable WAS protein (WASP), but normal WAS sequence and messenger RNA levels.(More)
BACKGROUND Combined immunodeficiency with multiple intestinal atresias (CID-MIA) is a rare hereditary disease characterized by intestinal obstructions and profound immune defects. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the underlying genetic causes of CID-MIA by analyzing the exomic sequences of 5 patients and their healthy direct relatives from 5 unrelated(More)
Autosomal-Recessive Osteopetrosis (ARO) comprises a heterogeneous group of bone diseases for which mutations in five genes are known as causative. Most ARO are classified as osteoclast-rich, but recently a subset of osteoclast-poor ARO has been recognized as due to a defect in TNFSF11 (also called RANKL or TRANCE, coding for the RANKL protein), a master(More)
In this retrospective collaborative study, we have analyzed long-term outcome and donor cell engraftment in 194 patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) who have been treated by hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in the period 1980- 2009. Overall survival was 84.0% and was even higher (89.1% 5-year survival) for those who received HCT since the(More)
A major problem in the field of stem cell transplantation is the difficulty to monitor the efficacy of immune reconstitution. By modifying the widely used method of measuring T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) and the recently proposed kappa-deleting recombination excision circles (KRECs) assay, we set up a duplex Real-Time PCR that allowed the(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its functional ligand, CXCL12, are essential regulators of development and homeostasis of hematopoietic and lymphoid organs. Heterozygous truncating mutations in the CXCR4 intracellular tail cause a rare genetic disease known as WHIM syndrome (warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, myelokathexis), whose pathophysiology(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency disease (CVID) is a primary immune disorder affecting B cells and characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and recurrent infections. To elucidate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of this condition, we have studied B and T cell subsets in 25 CVID patients. In eleven of them, we observed a remarkable relative(More)
Recent studies implicating the fallopian tube as the site of putative precursors of ovarian serous carcinoma, and the hypothesis that injury, inflammation, and repair of the ovarian surface epithelium at the time of ovulation, may be contributing factors to ovarian carcinogenesis, prompted us to undertake a comprehensive analysis of the immune cells in the(More)
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a rare genetic encephalopathy characterized by neurological and extraneurological involvement. A clinical overlap between AGS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been reported. We describe an AGS patient who developed autoimmune manifestations: thyroiditis, cANCA positivity, antiphospholipid antibodies and cerebral(More)
Warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome is a genetic disease that is caused by heterozygous mutations of the CXCR4 gene. These mutations confer an increased leukocyte response to the CXCR4-ligand CXCL12, resulting in abnormal homeostasis of many leukocyte types, including neutrophils and lymphocytes. Analysis of the myeloid(More)