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SEN virus (SEN-V) is a recently identified single-stranded, circular DNA virus. Two SEN-V variants (SENV-D and SENV-H) were assayed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to investigate their role in the causation of transfusion-associated non-A to E hepatitis. The incidence of SEN-V infection after transfusion was 30% (86 of 286) compared with 3% (3 of 97)(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency disease (CVID) is a primary immune disorder affecting B cells and characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and recurrent infections. To elucidate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of this condition, we have studied B and T cell subsets in 25 CVID patients. In eleven of them, we observed a remarkable relative(More)
A female offspring of consanguineous parents, showed features of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), including recurrent infections, eczema, thrombocytopenia, defective T cell proliferation and chemotaxis, and impaired natural killer cell function. Cells from this patient had undetectable WAS protein (WASP), but normal WAS sequence and messenger RNA levels.(More)
Presenilin proteins are involved in familial Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by massive death of neurons. We describe a direct interaction between presenilin 1 (PS1) and Bcl-2, a key factor in the regulation of apoptosis, by yeast two-hybrid interaction system, by co-immunoprecipitation, and by cross-linking experiments. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Combined immunodeficiency with multiple intestinal atresias (CID-MIA) is a rare hereditary disease characterized by intestinal obstructions and profound immune defects. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the underlying genetic causes of CID-MIA by analyzing the exomic sequences of 5 patients and their healthy direct relatives from 5 unrelated(More)
In this retrospective collaborative study, we have analyzed long-term outcome and donor cell engraftment in 194 patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) who have been treated by hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in the period 1980- 2009. Overall survival was 84.0% and was even higher (89.1% 5-year survival) for those who received HCT since the(More)
A major problem in the field of stem cell transplantation is the difficulty to monitor the efficacy of immune reconstitution. By modifying the widely used method of measuring T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) and the recently proposed kappa-deleting recombination excision circles (KRECs) assay, we set up a duplex Real-Time PCR that allowed the(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its functional ligand, CXCL12, are essential regulators of development and homeostasis of hematopoietic and lymphoid organs. Heterozygous truncating mutations in the CXCR4 intracellular tail cause a rare genetic disease known as WHIM syndrome (warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, myelokathexis), whose pathophysiology(More)
Autosomal-Recessive Osteopetrosis (ARO) comprises a heterogeneous group of bone diseases for which mutations in five genes are known as causative. Most ARO are classified as osteoclast-rich, but recently a subset of osteoclast-poor ARO has been recognized as due to a defect in TNFSF11 (also called RANKL or TRANCE, coding for the RANKL protein), a master(More)