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Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Labiatae) has several therapeutic applications in folk medicine in curing or managing a wide range of diseases, including depression. In this study, the effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of the stems and leaves of this plant was investigated in two behavioral models, the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension(More)
The antidepressant-like effect of zinc has been shown in several animal models of depression. In this study, zinc chloride (ZnCl2) was given alone or in combination with different classes of antidepressants by oral route (p.o.) to mice and the behavioral response in the tail suspension test (TST), a predictive test of antidepressant action, was(More)
Creatine has been shown to play a significant role in health and disease. However, studies concerning its effect on mood are scarce. This study investigated the effect of creatine (p.o.) in the tail suspension test, a predictive test of antidepressant activity. Creatine reduced the immobility time in the tail suspension test (0.1-1000 mg/kg, male and female(More)
The marginal shell of the anteroventral cochlear nucleus is anatomically and physiologically different from its central core. Previous studies suggest that neurons in the marginal shell are well suited to encode the intensity of acoustic stimuli. To investigate the projections of the marginal shell, a focal injection (<100 nl) of a mixture of biotinylated(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis L., has several therapeutic applications in folk medicine for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, including depression. AIM OF THE STUDY To evaluate the ability of Rosmarinus officinalis hydroalcoholic extract (ROHE), as compared to the positive control fluoxetine, to reverse behavioral(More)
Schinus molle L. (Anacardiaceae), among other uses, is popularly employed for the treatment of depression. In this study, the antidepressant-like effect of the hexanic extract from leaves of S. molle was investigated in the mouse tail suspension test (TST), a predictive model of depression. The immobility time in the TST was significantly reduced by the(More)
The relationship between depression and monoaminergic systems has been hypothesized for many years. In this study, we have investigated the possible antidepressant-like effect of scopoletin, a coumarin from Polygala sabulosa in the tail suspension test and forced swimming test. Moreover, the ability of scopoletin to reverse the depression-like behavior in(More)
Ursolic acid, a constituent from Rosmarinus officinalis, is a triterpenoid compound which has been extensively known for its anticancer and antioxidant properties. In the present study, we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of ursolic acid isolated from this plant in two predictive tests of antidepressant property, the tail suspension test (TST)(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHOD In this work, the contribution of NMDA receptors to the antidepressant-like effect of adenosine in the forced swimming test (FST) was investigated. RESULTS The pretreatment of mice with NMDA or D-serine was able to prevent the anti-immobility effect of either adenosine or MK-801 in the FST. In addition, the administration of a(More)
The olfactory bulbectomy (OB) is an animal model of depression that results in behavioral, neurochemical and neuroendocrinological changes, features comparable to those seen in depressive patients. This study investigated OB-induced alterations in locomotor activity and exploratory behavior in the open-field test, self-care and motivational behavior in the(More)