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Nuclear export of certain HIV-1 mRNAs requires an interaction between the viral Rev protein and the Rev response element (RRE), a structured element located in the Env region of its RNA genome. This interaction is an attractive target for both drug design and gene therapy, exemplified by RevM10, a transdominant negative protein that, when introduced into(More)
Since its inception in 1994, The RNA Modification Database (RNAMDB, http://rna-mdb.cas.albany.edu/RNAmods/) has served as a focal point for information pertaining to naturally occurring RNA modifications. In its current state, the database employs an easy-to-use, searchable interface for obtaining detailed data on the 109 currently known RNA modifications.(More)
The research reported here demonstrates covalent binding to the metal-binding protein metallothionein (MT) by the therapeutic nitrogen mustard mechlorethamine. The most surprising aspect of this interaction is the selectivity of the alkylating agent for specific residues of MT. A combination of MS and proteolytic and enzymatic methods was used to deduce(More)
Experiments were carried out to detect cysteine residues on human Keap1 protein that may be sensors of oxidative stress that gives rise to changes in the GSH/GSSG redox couple. Human Keap1 protein, at a final concentration of 6 microM, was incubated for two hours in aqueous buffer containing 0.010 M GSH, pH 8, in an argon atmosphere. Subsequently, excess(More)
Chemical probing represents a very versatile alternative for studying the structure and dynamics of substrates that are intractable by established high-resolution techniques. The implementation of MS-based strategies for the characterization of probing products has not only extended the range of applicability to virtually all types of biopolymers but has(More)
Modern biomedical research is evolving with the rapid growth of diverse data types, biophysical characterization methods, computational tools and extensive collaboration among researchers spanning various communities and having complementary backgrounds and expertise. Collaborating researchers are increasingly dependent on shared data and tools made(More)
Acquired drug resistance is one of the most important problems in cancer chemotherapy. One of the proposed mechanisms for these phenomena is the sequestration of alkylating agents by metallothionein in vivo. This research shows that metallothionein can covalently sequester phosphoramide mustard, the active form of cyclophosphamide in vitro. On-line(More)
It is of interest to test the hypothesis that induced metallothionein (MT) acts in acquired drug resistance by covalent sequestration. In this study MT was incubated in vitro with chlorambucil (CHB) under conditions where only 1:1 covalent adducts were formed. The proteolytic products of these adducts were analyzed by HPLC and mass spectrometry to reveal(More)
Acquired drug resistance is one of the most important problems in cancer chemotherapy. One of the mechanisms proposed to contribute to this phenomenon is the sequestration of alkylating agents by metallothionein (MT) in vivo. In this study cadmium-induced human bladder tumor T24 cells were exposed to the therapeutic agents chlorambucil and melphalan. MT-2a,(More)
The literature reports that traumatic spondylolisthesis of L5 is an uncommon lesion. The authors report their experience of three cases of this particular fracture-dislocation of the lumbosacral spine. They stress the importance of certain radiographic signs in the diagnosis: namely, the presence of unilateral multiple fracture of the transverse lumbar(More)