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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is characterized by weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs, owing to degeneration of corticospinal axons. The most common form is due to heterozygous mutations in the SPG4 gene, encoding spastin, a microtubule (MT)-severing protein. Here, we show that neurite growth in immortalized and primary neurons responds in(More)
The role of microtubule (MT) dysfunction in Parkinson's disease is emerging. It is still unknown whether it is a cause or a consequence of neurodegeneration. Our objective was to assess whether alterations of MT stability precede or follow axonal transport impairment and neurite degeneration in experimental parkinsonism induced by(More)
Data from both toxin-based and gene-based models suggest that dysfunction of the microtubule system contributes to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease, even if, at present, no evidence of alterations of microtubules in vivo or in patients is available. Here we analyze cytoskeleton organization in primary fibroblasts deriving from patients with(More)
Centaurin-α₂ is a GTPase-activating protein for ARF (ARFGAP) showing a diffuse cytoplasmic localization capable to translocate to membrane, where it binds phosphatidylinositols. Taking into account that Centaurin-α₂ can localize in cytoplasm and that its cytoplasmatic function is not well defined, we searched for further interactors by yeast two-hybrid(More)
α-Synuclein is a presynaptic protein associated to Parkinson's disease, which is unstructured when free in the cytoplasm and adopts α helical conformation when bound to vesicles. After decades of intense studies, α-Synuclein physiology is still difficult to clear up due to its interaction with multiple partners and its involvement in a pletora of neuronal(More)
Human peripheral blood monocytes were cultivated for 1-30 d before assay for H2O2 release or challenge with Leishmania donovani promastigotes (LDP) or amastigotes (LDA). 1-d cells readily generated H2O2 in response to both phorbol myristate acetate triggering (1,013 +/- 58 nmol/mg protein . 90 min) and LDP ingestion, and killed 50% of LDP within 6 h, and(More)
Dysfunction of the microtubule (MT) system is an emerging theme in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. This study was designed to investigate the putative role of MT dysfunction in dopaminergic neuron death induced by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpiridinium (MPP(+)). In nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells, we have analyzed(More)
To determine if mechanisms other than the generation of toxic oxygen intermediates are active against intracellular pathogens, oxidatively deficient mouse L cells and monocyte-derived macrophages from patients with chronic granulomatous disease were stimulated with soluble lymphocyte products. Despite no enhancement in oxidative activity, these cells(More)
Neuritin 1 (Nrn1 or cpg15-1) is an activity-dependent protein involved in synaptic plasticity during brain development, a process that relies upon neuronal migration. By analyzing Nrn1 expression, we found that it is highly expressed in a mouse model of migrating immortalized neurons (GN11 cells), but not in a mouse model of non-migrating neurons (GT1-7(More)
Microtubules (MTs) are dynamic polymers consisting of α/β tubulin dimers and playing a plethora of roles in eukaryotic cells. Looking at neurons, they are key determinants of neuronal polarity, axonal transport and synaptic plasticity. The concept that MT dysfunction can participate in, and perhaps lead to, Parkinson's disease (PD) progression has been(More)