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The aim of our study is to evaluate the temporal trend of deaths in a cohort of i.v. drug users (IVDU) followed in a city of Northen Italy (Bologna), and to assess its relationship with HIV infection and AIDS, and availability of potent anti-retroviral therapy. One thousand and 214 IVDUs (mainly heroin addicts), 916 males and 298 females, attending an(More)
BACKGROUND Although studies have documented increased mortality during heat waves, little information is available on the subgroups most susceptible to these effects. We evaluated the effects of summertime high temperature on daily mortality among population subgroups defined by demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and episodes of(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have identified strong effects of high temperatures on mortality at population level; however, individual vulnerability factors associated with heat-related in-hospital mortality are largely unknown. The objective of the study was to evaluate heat-related in-hospital mortality using a multi-city case-crossover analysis. METHODS(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) and cognitive impairment are both common problems in old age, associated with significant mortality, impaired quality of life and disability. This study evaluated patients with CHF, admitted to internal medicine and geriatric wards. We identified factors associated with a high risk of in-hospital mortality. Hospitalized CHF(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the impact of the introduction of ICD-10 on mortality statistics in Italy. DESIGN «Bridge-Coding» analysis carried out by a working group that has coded a number of death certificates using both ICD-9 and ICD-10 versions. In 2006, a training project was launched in order to allow the group to standardize the coding(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the blood lead levels in a sample of Bologna's population, 12 years after the previous screening campaign carried out in 1984. The investigated sample was divided, as in 1984, by age, sex, occupational exposure and selected life style factors. The blood lead levels presented a sharp reduction in comparison with the(More)
The views expressed in the HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the John F. Kennedy School of Government or of Harvard University. Faculty Research Working Papers have not undergone formal review and approval. Such papers are included in this series to elicit feedback and to encourage(More)
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