Daniela Wesch

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gammadelta T cells expressing the Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cell receptor (TCR) account for 1-10% of CD3(+) peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells use their TCR as a pattern recognition receptor to sense the presence of infection through specific recognition of intermediates of the microbial non-mevalonate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis. Such(More)
Depending on the microenvironment, murine gamma delta T cells differentiate into either Th1 (IFN-gamma-producing) or Th2 (IL-4-producing) cells. It is unclear, however, whether circulating human peripheral blood gamma delta T cells can be driven into Th1 or Th2 cells by modulation of the priming cytokine milieu. In this study, peripheral blood gamma delta T(More)
CD4(+)CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) control cellular immune responses and maintain peripheral tolerance. We investigated whether TLR2 ligands are able to abrogate Treg-induced suppression in humans based on different reports about effects of triacylated lipopeptide Pam(3)CSK4 in mice. Pretreatment of human Tregs with a mixture of TLR2 ligands(More)
Subsets of human gammadelta T cells recognize tumor cell-expressed ligands that are not seen by the T-cell receptor of conventional alphabeta T cells. Vdelta1 T cells recognize MHC class I chain-related molecules A and B and UL-16-binding proteins expressed at variable levels on epithelial tumor cells and some leukemias and lymphomas. In addition,(More)
Human gammadelta T cells expressing a V gamma 9V delta 2 T-cell receptor (TCR) kill various tumour cells including autologous tumours. In addition to TCR-dependent recognition, activation of NKG2D-positive gammadelta T cells by tumour cell-expressed NKG2D ligands can also trigger cytotoxic effector function. In this study, we investigated the involvement of(More)
Two subsets of human gammadelta T cells can be identified by T cell receptor (TCR) V gene usage. Vdelta2Vgamma9 T cells dominate in peripheral blood and recognize microbe- or tumour-derived phosphoantigens. Vdelta1 T cells are abundant in mucosal tissue and recognize stress-induced MHC-related molecules. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are known to co-stimulate(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are pattern-recognition receptors that recognize a broad variety of structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. The recognition of TLR ligands functions as a primary sensor of the innate immune system, leading to subsequent indirect activation of the adaptive immunity as well as none-immune cells. However, TLR are also(More)
Caspases have been described as proteases essential for the release of certain cytokines and for initiation as well as execution of apoptosis. Increasing evidence indicates, however, that caspase activity is also required for activation-induced proliferation of mature T lymphocytes. The molecular mechanism, how caspase activity facilitates T cell(More)
TLR3 recognizes viral dsRNA and its synthetic mimetic polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)). TLR3 expression is commonly considered to be restricted to dendritic cells, NK cells, and fibroblasts. In this study we report that human gammadelta and alphabeta T lymphocytes also express TLR3, as shown by quantitative real-time PCR, flow cytometry, and(More)