Daniela Wesch

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Human V␥9V␦2 ␥␦ T cells are selectively activated by bacterial phosphoantigens and aminobisphosphonates and exert potent cytotoxicity toward various tumor cells. In this study we have characterized the cytotoxic reactivity of ␥␦ T cell lines established from healthy donors by stimulation with aminobisphosphonate alendronate toward melanoma MeWo and(More)
T he Vδ2 and non-Vδ2 (mainly Vδ1) subsets of human γδ T cells have distinct homing patterns and recognize different types of ligands, yet both exert potent antitumor effects. While the T-cell receptor of Vδ2 T cells primarily recognizes tumor cell-derived pyrophos-phates, non-Vδ2 γδ T cells preferentially recognize stress-associated surface anti-gens. Here,(More)
During the course of infection with HIV-1, striking alterations in the subset distribution of peripheral blood gammadelta T cells are observed. While TCR Vdelta2 expression dominates among peripheral blood gammadelta T cells in healthy adults, there is a clear preponderance of Vdelta1 cells in HIV-1-infected persons. In this study, we present the first flow(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by an extensive stroma being also present in chronic pancreatitis (CP). Using immunohistochemistry, the stroma of CP and PDAC was comprehensively analyzed and correlated with epithelial/carcinoma-related alterations and clinicopathological patient characteristics. While there were no significant(More)
The success of γδ T cell-based immunotherapy, where the cytotoxic activity of circulating γδ T lymphocytes is activated by nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (n-BP), or possibly by bispecific antibodies or the combination of both, requires a profound knowledge of patients' γδ T cells. A possible influence of radio- or chemotherapy on γδ T cells as well as(More)
As recently reported, it is possible to detect and quantify the amount of the deleted human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in whole blood, platelets and peripheral blood mononuclear cells using real-time PCR. The aim of this study was to identify the cell types in human blood carrying the 4977 bp deleted mtDNA and their accumulation with regard to donor age.(More)
While gamma delta T cell (γδTc) anticancer immunotherapies are being developed, recent reports suggest a regulatory role for γδTc tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. This mini-review surveys available evidence, determines strengths and weaknesses thereof and suggest directions for further exploration. We focus on human γδTc, as mouse and human γδTc repertoires(More)
The proliferation and interleukin-2 production of CD4+CD25− αβ T cells were inhibited in a cell-contact manner by Vδ2 γδ T cells. The transcription factor Helios was constitutively expressed in about one-third of circulating γδ T cells and was upregulated by CD28-signaling. Our data suggest that Helios could serve as a marker for differential activation(More)
Hypoxemic respiratory failure of the neonatal organism involves increased acid sphingomyelinase (aSMase) activity and production of ceramide, a second messenger of a pro-inflammatory pathway that promotes increased vascular permeability, surfactant alterations and alveolar epithelial apoptosis. We comparatively assessed the benefits of topical aSMase(More)
NKG2D-and T-cell receptor-dependent lysis of malignant glioma cell lines by human gd T cells: Modulation by temozolomide and A disintegrin and metalloproteases 10 and 17 inhibitors ABSTRACT The interaction of the MHC class I-related chain molecules A and B (MICA and MICB) and UL-16 binding protein (ULBP) family members expressed on tumor cells with the(More)