Daniela Vivenza

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BACKGROUND Previous investigations on the ghrelin gene reported three common polymorphisms (Arg51Gln, Leu72Met, and Gln90Leu), but their role in overweight and obese individuals remains to be clarified. OBJECTIVE To ascertain whether these genetic variants could influence ghrelin secretion and play a part in predisposing to earlier onset of obesity or in(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin exerts potent GH-releasing activity and stimulates food intake. Circulating ghrelin levels are increased in anorexia and cachexia, reduced in obesity and restored by weight recovery. Newborns are characterized by GH hypersecretion associated with low IGF-I levels reflecting peripheral GH resistance. STUDY DESIGN The aim of our study was(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to examine clinical characteristics, biochemical parameters, and TSH-R gene variations in children and adolescents with subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in order to evaluate their pattern of distribution in SH. PATIENTS We enrolled 88 patients, each having at least two TSH measurements above the upper limit of the(More)
Ghrelin, a natural GH secretagogue, exerts remarkable endocrine and non-endocrine activities such as orexigenic effect and modulation of the endocrine and metabolic response to variations in energy balance. Ghrelin levels have been reported to be negatively associated to insulin secretion, enhanced in anorexia and reduced in obesity. Ghrelin levels in(More)
It is already well known that hypermethylation of the O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter is a predictive biomarker of response to temozolomide treatment and of favorable outcomes in terms of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Nevertheless, MGMT methylation status has not(More)
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) harbors consistent infection by human herpesvirus-8, preferentially develops in immunodeficient patients and selectively localizes to the serous body cavities. Histogenetic analysis has suggested that PEL originates from post-germinal center, pre-terminally differentiated B cells sharing phenotypic features with plasma cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) associates with HHV-8 infection, preferentially develops in immunodeficient patients and grows in the serous body cavities. PEL derives from post-germinal center, pre-terminally differentiated B-cells. The pathogenesis of PEL is unclear and the sole identified genetic lesions are human herpesvirus type-8 (HHV-8)(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating ghrelin levels are increased by fasting and decreased by feeding, glucose load, insulin and somatostatin. Whether hyperglycaemia and insulin directly inhibit ghrelin secretion still remains matter of debate. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate further the regulatory effects of glucose and insulin on ghrelin(More)
BCL-6 mutations are accumulated during B-cell transit through the germinal center (GC) and provide a histogenetic marker for B-cell tumors. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of 308 B-cell neoplasms, we (1) expand the spectrum of tumors associated with BCL-6 mutations; (2) corroborate the notion that mutations cluster with GC and post-GC B-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of both the GH secretagogue (GHS) receptor and ghrelin in the pancreas indicates an involvement of this hormone in glucose metabolism. Ghrelin secretion is increased by fasting and energy restriction, decreased by food intake, glucose load, insulin and somatostatin in normal adults; however, food intake is not able to inhibit(More)