Daniela Schober

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The effects of bafilomycin, nocodazole, and reduced temperature on recycling and the lysosomal pathway have been investigated in various cultured cell lines and have been shown to vary dependent on the cell type examined. However, the way in which these treatments affect recycling and transport to lysosomes within the same cell line has not been analyzed.(More)
Bafilomycin A1 (baf), a specific inhibitor of vacuolar proton ATPases, is commonly employed to demonstrate the requirement of low endosomal pH for viral uncoating. However, in certain cell types baf also affects the transport of endocytosed material from early to late endocytic compartments. To characterize the endocytic route in HeLa cells that are(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and the low-density lipoprotein receptor are used for cell entry by major and minor receptor group human rhinoviruses (HRVs), respectively. Whereas minor-group viruses, exemplified by HRV2, transfer their genomic RNA to the cytoplasm through a pore in the endosomal membrane (E. Prchla, C. Plank, E. Wagner, D. Blaas, and R.(More)
Minor group human rhinoviruses (exemplified by human rhinovirus serotype 2 (HRV2)) use members of the low density lipoprotein receptor family for cell entry; all these receptors possess clathrin-coated pit localization signals. Viral infection should thus be inhibited under conditions of impaired clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, Madshus et al.(More)
The effect of virus uncoating on endosome integrity during the early steps in viral infection was investigated. Using fluid-phase uptake of 10- and 70-kDa dextrans labeled with a pH-dependent fluorophore (fluorescein isothiocyanate [FITC]) and a pH-independent fluorophore (cyanine 5 [Cy5]), we determined the pHs of labeled compartments in intact HeLa cells(More)
To understand the topology and mechanism of poliovirus uncoating, the question of whether intact virions can be endocytosed by the host cell was studied by a combination of various techniques. In order to prevent alteration of the virus to subviral particles, Hela cells were infected at 26 °C. At this temperature the majority of cell-associated virions(More)
Free-flow electrophoresis is a powerful tool to separate subcellular vesicles such as early and late endosomes from plasma membranes. Using this technique, the intracellular distribution of poliovirus type 2 Sabin (PV2) and its derived subviral particles was analyzed upon infection of HeLa cells. Comparison of various infection conditions showed that(More)
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