Daniela Santos-Silva

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CONTEXT Adipose tissue is one of the first organs to develop insulin resistance even with moderate BMI. However, the contribution of developing hyperglycaemia and concomitant methylglyoxal increment to tissue dysfunction during type 2 diabetes progression was not addressed before. METHODS Young and aged Wistar and Goto-Kakizaki rats (non-obese model of(More)
The relation between cancer and metabolic disorders was recognized several decades ago, but the underlying mechanisms involved in cancer development and progression remain obscure. In the last years, many groups have been studying systemic adipose tissue markers in cancer patients. However, few consistent results were obtained. On the other hand, several(More)
Background and Aims. Adipose tissue dysfunction results from many factors, including glycation-induced microvascular damages. We tested the usefulness of inhibiting methylglyoxal-induced glycation to adipose tissue microvasculature in this work, using the antioxidant and dicarbonyl scavenger drug pyridoxamine. Methods. A group of Wistar rats was treated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The influence of lifestyle is well documented, especially the diet regime, in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and associated cardiovascular diseases. Diabetic patients have increased risk of suffering cardiac ischemia and impaired response to such accidents. Methylglyoxal (MG) circulates at high concentration in diabetics' blood(More)
Chronic Hepatitis B (HB) is the main risk factor for chronic liver disease (CLD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in many low-resource countries, where diagnosis is constrained by lack of clinical, histopathological and biomarker resources. We have used proteomics to detect plasma biomarkers that outperform α-Fetoprotein (AFP), the most widely used(More)
The p53 protein is expressed as multiple isoforms that differ in their N- and C-terminus due to alternative splicing, promoter or codon initiation usage. Δ40p53 lacks the first 39 residues containing the main transcriptional activation domain, resulting from initiation of translation at AUG +40 in fully spliced p53 mRNA or in a specific variant mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Increased levels of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) and their precursors, such as methylglyoxal (MG), in patients with diabetes may account for impaired response to heart ischemia. Pyridoxamine is a derivate of vitamin B6, which has been shown to reduce AGE formation. Our goal was to assess the role of pyridoxamine in protecting(More)
Hyperglycemia-related advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation is a key mechanism in diabetic nephropathy. Since methylglyoxal (MG) is a potent AGE precursor, we aimed to assess the role of MG-related AGE formation in the progression of renal damages. A comparative study between Wistar (W, normal) and Goto-Kakizaki (GK, nonobese type 2 diabetic) rats(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women worldwide. There is extensive literature on the relationship between body weight and breast cancer risk but some doubts still remain about the role of adipokines per se, the role of insulin and glucose regardless of obesity, as well as the crosstalk between these players. Thus, in this study, we intend(More)
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