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Two profilin isoforms (profilins I and II) have been purified from Dictyostelium discoideum, using affinity chromatography on a poly(L-proline) matrix; the isoforms could be separated by cation-exchange chromatography on a FPLC system. The gene coding for profilin I was cloned from a lambda gt11 cDNA library using a profilin I-specific monoclonal antibody.(More)
Profilin is a ubiquitous cytoskeletal protein whose function is fundamental to the maintenance of normal cell physiology. By site-directed mutagenesis of profilin II from Dictyostelium discoideum the point mutations K114E and W3N were generated by PCR thus changing actin and poly-(L)-proline-binding activity respectively. W3N profilin is no longer able to(More)
Our previous studies have shown that the actin-binding protein hisactophilin from Dictyostelium discoideum is a candidate for organizing the actin cytoskeleton at the plasma membrane in a pH-dependent manner. To further characterize this interaction we isolated hisactophilin overexpression (hisII+) and hisactophilin minus (his-) mutants. D. discoideum(More)
A monoclonal antibody, mAb 47-19-2, was used to study the subunit topology of the rod-shaped alpha-actinin molecules of Dictyostelium discoideum and to screen for mutants defective in the production of alpha-actinin. Electron microscopy of rotary-shadowed alpha-actinin-antibody complexes showed binding of mAb 47-19-2 to both ends of the alpha-actinin rods(More)
Filamin and Cortexillin are F-actin crosslinking proteins in Dictyostelium discoideum allowing actin filaments to form three-dimensional networks. GAPA, an IQGAP related protein, is required for cytokinesis and localizes to the cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. Here we describe a novel interaction with Filamin which is required for cytokinesis and(More)
Eukaryotic cells contain a large number of actin binding proteins of different functions, locations and concentrations. They bind either to monomeric actin (G-actin) or to actin filaments (F-actin) and thus regulate the dynamic rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton. The Dictyostelium discoideum genome harbors representatives of all G-actin binding(More)
The fast and transient polymerization of actin in nonmuscle cells after stimulation with chemoattractants requires strong nucleation activities but also components that inhibit this process in resting cells. In this paper, we describe the purification and characterization of a new actin-binding protein from Dictyostelium discoideum that exhibited strong(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI, SerpinA5) is a heparin-binding serpin which can penetrate through cellular membranes. Selected negatively charged phospholipids like unsaturated phosphatidylserine and oxidised phosphatidylethanolamine bind to PCI and stimulate its inhibitory activity towards different proteases. The interaction of phospholipids with PCI might also(More)
Protein C Inhibitor (PCI) is a secreted serine protease inhibitor, belonging to the family of serpins. In addition to activated protein C PCI inactivates several other proteases of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems, suggesting a regulatory role in hemostasis. Glycosaminoglycans and certain negatively charged phospholipids, like phosphatidylserine,(More)
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