Daniela Pizzirani

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Resveratrol 1 (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a phytoalexin present in grapes and other food products, has recently been suggested as a potential cancer chemopreventive agent based on its striking inhibitory effects on cellular events associated with cancer initiation, promotion, and progression. This triphenolic stilbene has also displayed in vitro(More)
Pterostilbene and 3,5-hydroxypterostilbene are the natural 3,5-dimethoxy analogs of trans-resveratrol and piceatannol, two compounds which can induce apoptosis in tumor cells. In previous studies we demonstrated the importance of a 3,5-dimethoxy motif in conferring pro-apoptotic activity to stilbene based compounds so we now wanted to evaluate the ability(More)
The expression of acid ceramidase (AC) - a cysteine amidase that hydrolyses the proapoptotic lipid ceramide - is abnormally high in several human tumors, which is suggestive of a role in chemoresistance. Available AC inhibitors lack, however, the potency and drug-likeness necessary to test this idea. Here we show that the antineoplastic drug carmofur, which(More)
Acid ceramidase (AC) is an intracellular cysteine amidase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the lipid messenger ceramide. By regulating ceramide levels in cells, AC may contribute to the regulation of cancer cell proliferation and senescence and to the response to cancer therapy. We recently identified the antitumoral agent carmofur (4a) as the first(More)
4-Cyclohexylbutyl-N-[(S)-2-oxoazetidin-3-yl]carbamate (3b) is a potent, selective and systemically active inhibitor of intracellular NAAA activity, which produces profound anti-inflammatory effects in animal models. In the present work, we describe structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on 3-aminoazetidin-2-one derivatives, which have led to the(More)
The development of prodrugs that are enzymatically activated into anticancer agents is a promising perspective in cancer therapy. Many nitrogen-containing quinoid heterocycles have been reported to show antitumor effect. The principal interest in these compounds lies on their potential to produce tumor-selective toxicity. Selectivity occurs by difference in(More)
The antioxidant activity of the cis and trans isomers of several analogues of resveratrol and pterostilbene has been investigated, especially with regard to the effect of the stereochemistry about the olefinic double bond. The antioxidant power of these compounds was estimated by measuring the rate constants for their reactions with peroxyl radicals and,(More)
To further explore the SAR of resveratrol-related trans-stilbene derivatives, here we describe the synthesis of (a) a series of 3,5-dimethoxy analogues in which a variety of substituents were introduced at positions 2', 3', 4', and 5' of the stilbene scaffold and (b) a second group of derivatives (2-phenylnaphthalenes and terphenyls) that incorporate a(More)
Herein we report on a novel series of multitargeted compounds obtained by linking together galantamine and memantine. The compounds were designed by taking advantage of the crystal structures of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in complex with galantamine derivatives. Sixteen novel derivatives were synthesized, using spacers of different lengths and chemical(More)
One of the main obstacles toward the discovery of effective anti-Alzheimer drugs is the multifactorial nature of its etiopathology. Therefore, the use of multitarget-directed ligands has emerged as particularly suitable. Such ligands, able to modulate different neurodegenerative pathways, for example, amyloid and tau cascades, as well as cognitive and(More)