Daniela N Männel

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Dithiocarbamates and iron chelators were recently considered for the treatment of AIDS and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we show that dithiocarbamates and metal chelators can potently block the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B), a transcription factor involved in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) expression, signaling,(More)
Identification of new therapeutic targets for the management of septic shock remains imperative as all investigational therapies, including anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and anti-interleukin (IL)-1 agents, have uniformly failed to lower the mortality of critically ill patients with severe sepsis. We report here that macrophage migration inhibitory factor(More)
TNFR2 is predominantly expressed by a subset of human and mouse CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs). In this study, we characterized the phenotype and function of TNFR2(+) Tregs in peripheral lymphoid tissues of normal and tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. We found that TNFR2 was expressed on 30-40% of the Tregs of the peripheral activated/memory(More)
In variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, prions (PrP(Sc)) enter the body with contaminated foodstuffs and can spread from the intestinal entry site to the central nervous system (CNS) by intercellular transfer from the lymphoid system to the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Although several means and different cell types have been proposed to have a role, the(More)
Mast cells play a detrimental role in IgE-dependent allergic reactions. In contrast, a protective function for mast cells has been proposed on the basis of some worm infection models. No reports exist on the in vivo significance of these cells in bacterial infections. Here we use congenitally mast-cell-deficient W/Wv mice and normal +/+ littermates to(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells provide effective antitumoral activity in the blood stream of mice, leading to reduced metastasis. There are, however, tumor cells that metastasize despite the presence of an intact NK system. The capability of tumor cells to induce platelet aggregation, on the other hand, correlates with their enhanced metastatic potential. A(More)
Although TNF is a major proinflammatory cytokine, increasing evidence indicates that TNF also has immunosuppressive feedback effects. We have demonstrated in this study that, in both resting and activated states, mouse peripheral CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) expressed remarkably higher surface levels of TNFR2 than CD4(+)CD25(-) T effector cells(More)
The cytokines TNF and IL-1 have been implicated as mediators of the inflammatory processes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To investigate the role of these cytokines in mucosal inflammation we used anti-cytokine strategies in a mouse model of acute and chronic colitis. Mice which received 5% dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) in their drinking(More)
Binding activity for nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) consensus probes was studied in nuclear extracts from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 15 septic patients (10 surviving and 5 not surviving). Nonsurvivors could be distinguished from survivors by an increase in NFkappaB binding activity during the observation period (P < 0.001). The increase in(More)
The lectin pathway of complement is activated when a carbohydrate recognition complex and associated serine proteases binds to the surface of a pathogen. Three recognition subcomponents have been shown to form active initiation complexes: mannan-binding lectin (MBL), L-ficolin, and H-ficolin. The importance of MBL in antimicrobial host defense is well(More)