Daniela Mastronicola

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The reactions of nitric oxide (NO) with the turnover intermediates of cytochrome c oxidase were investigated by combining amperometric and spectroscopic techniques. We show that the complex of nitrite with the oxidized enzyme (O) is obtained by reaction of both the "peroxy" (P) and "ferryl" (F) intermediates with stoichiometric NO, following a common(More)
The aim of this work is to review the information available on the molecular mechanisms by which the NO radical reversibly downregulates the function of cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX). The mechanisms of the reactions with NO elucidated over the past few years are described and discussed in the context of the inhibitory effects on the enzyme activity. Two(More)
Flavohemoglobins (flavoHbs), commonly found in bacteria and fungi, afford protection from nitrosative stress by degrading nitric oxide (NO) to nitrate. Giardia intestinalis, a microaerophilic parasite causing one of the most common intestinal human infectious diseases worldwide, is the only pathogenic protozoon as yet identified coding for a flavoHb. By NO(More)
Besides possessing many physiological roles, nitric oxide (NO) produced by the immune system in infectious diseases has antimicrobial effects. Trichomoniasis, the most widespread non-viral sexually transmitted disease caused by the microaerophilic protist Trichomonas vaginalis, often evolves into a chronic infection, with the parasite able to survive in the(More)
Over the past decade it was discovered that, over-and-above multiple regulatory functions, nitric oxide (NO) is responsible for the modulation of cell respiration by inhibiting cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX). As assessed at different integration levels (from the purified enzyme in detergent solution to intact cells), CcOX can react with NO following two(More)
NO inhibits mitochondrial respiration by reacting with either the reduced or the oxidized binuclear site of cytochrome c oxidase, leading respectively to accumulation of cytochrome a(2+)(3)-NO or cytochrome a(3+)(3)-NO(-)(2) species. Exploiting the unique light sensitivity of the cytochrome a(2+)(3)-NO, we show that under turnover conditions, depending on(More)
Cytochrome bd oxygen reductase from Escherichia coli has three hemes, b558, b595 and d. We found that the enzyme, as-prepared or in turnover with O2, rapidly decomposes H2O2 with formation of approximately half a mole of O2 per mole of H2O2. Such catalase activity vanishes upon cytochrome bd reduction, does not compete with the oxygen-reductase activity, is(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) reacts with Complex I and cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX, Complex IV), inducing detrimental or cytoprotective effects. Two alternative reaction pathways (PWs) have been described whereby NO reacts with CcOX, producing either a relatively labile nitrite-bound derivative (CcOX-NO(2) (-), PW1) or a more stable nitrosyl-derivative (CcOX-NO, PW2).(More)
BACKGROUND The reactions between Complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase, CcOX) and nitric oxide (NO) were described in the early 60's. The perception, however, that NO could be responsible for physiological or pathological effects, including those on mitochondria, lags behind the 80's, when the identity of the endothelial derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and NO(More)
Micromolar nitric oxide (NO) rapidly (ms) inhibits cytochrome c oxidase in turnover with physiological substrates. Two reaction mechanisms have been identified leading, respectively, to formation of a nitrosyl- [a3(2+) -NO] or a nitrite- [a3(3+) -NO2-] derivative of the enzyme. In the presence of O2, the nitrosyl adduct recovers activity slowly, following(More)