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The prognostic value of various molecular markers, which adequately account for the tumor biology and disease behaviour of ovarian cancer, is still unclear. Recent studies have focused on the role of genes regulating the balance between proliferation and cellular suicide, apoptosis. In the present study, tumor tissue from 215 patients with ovarian cancer(More)
Genomic alterations of c-myc (amplification, rearrangements and hypomethylation) were investigated in 30 breast carcinomas and 20 cervix carcinomas. In breast carcinomas c-myc alterations were compared with overexpression of the c-erbB2 protooncogene and the proliferation marker Ki-67. Alterations of c-myc were found in 50% of the breast carcinomas and in(More)
BACKGROUND Bel-2 inhibits most kinds of programmed cell death and provides a selective survival advantage to various cell types. Bcl-2 is physiologically expressed in ductal epithelia of the normal breast. The biological significance of Bcl-2 (over)expression for the development and progression of breast cancer has still to be evaluated. PATIENTS AND(More)
To date, there are no prognostic factors in ovarian cancer that adequately account for tumor biology and disease behavior. In recent years, some reports have described the prognostic significance of the amplification and overexpression of the oncogene c-erb B2 in various human cancers. Concerning ovarian cancer, this is still a matter of discussion. In the(More)
To evaluate the molecular and functional characteristics of upregulated glucose uptake in malignant cells, the expression of four glucose transporter (Glut) isoforms as well as glucose transport were determined in benign and malignant cell lines and tissues. In vivo distribution of Glut proteins was examined by immunocytochemistry in 30 breast cancer(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of EGF-R (c-erbB-1) compared to the overexpression of the c-erbB-2 oncogene product p185 in ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was conducted on 266 previously untreated ovarian cancer patients with FIGO stage I-IV disease. EGF-R and c-erbB-2 oncogene product p185 have(More)
Breaking resistance to chemotherapy is a major goal of combination therapy in many tumors, including advanced neuroblastoma. We recently demonstrated that increased activity of the PI3K/Akt network is associated with poor prognosis, thus providing an ideal target for chemosensitization. Here we show that targeted therapy using the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor(More)
Amplification of the proto-oncogene c-erbB-2 (HER-2/neu) has been shown to be a prognostic marker in ovarian cancer. In order to obtain further information on the biological role of the c-erbB-2 gene product p185 it is necessary to quantify expression levels. In this study we evaluated an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the extracellular(More)
Concentrations of a fragment of the c-erbB-2 translational product (p185 fragment) were measured in serum of 70 breast cancer patients, 19 healthy blood donors, and 18 pregnant women using a heterogenic enzyme immunoassay. The serum concentrations of blood donors and pregnant women were below 30 kU/l. Breast cancer patients showed serum concentrations up to(More)
BACKGROUND bcl-2 and bax genes are known to be involved in the control of apoptotic cell death, an important mechanism of growth regulation that influences the biologic behavior of tumors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship of bcl-2 and bax expression to the rate of spontaneous apoptosis in laryngeal carcinomas, and to assess(More)