Daniela Lupi

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BACKGROUND The visual system is now known to be composed of image-forming and non-image-forming pathways. Photoreception for the image-forming pathway begins at the rods and cones, whereas that for the non-image-forming pathway also involves intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), which express the photopigment melanopsin. In the mouse(More)
Sleep is regulated by both homeostatic and circadian mechanisms. The latter, termed 'process c', helps synchronize sleep-wake patterns to the appropriate time of the day. However, in the absence of a circadian clock, overall sleep-wake rhythmicity is preserved and remains synchronized to the external light-dark cycle, indicating that there is an additional,(More)
The aims of this study were to address three related questions: (1) Do the photosensitive ganglion cells of the mouse convey light information to the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) at P0? (2) Do the differentiating rods and cones contribute to light-evoked FOS induction within the murine SCN at P4? (3) How does light-evoked FOS induction within the SCN of(More)
Melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells have been proposed as the photoreceptors mediating non-rod, non-cone ocular responses to light. Here we use the aged (approximately 2 years) rodless and coneless (rd/rd cl) mouse to assess the impact of progressive inner retinal cell loss on melanopsin expression, circadian entrainment and pupillary constriction. Aged(More)
The endogenous circadian clock of mammals retains synchrony with the external light:dark cycle through ocular photoreceptors. To date the identity of the photoreceptors responsible for mediating this response is unknown. This review outlines attempts using transgenic mouse models to address this deficit. Mice bearing specific inherited lesions of both rod(More)
The impact of photoreceptor loss on the circadian system was examined by utilizing a transgenic mouse model (rdta) in which rod photoreceptors were specifically ablated. These mice were able to phase-shift their circadian locomotor behaviour in response to light, but features of this circadian behaviour were markedly altered. The amplitude of circadian(More)
Non-rod, non-cone ocular photoreceptors have been shown to mediate a range of irradiance detection tasks. The strongest candidates for these receptors are melanopsin-positive retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). To provide a more complete understanding of these receptors in vivo, we have utilized a mouse that lacks rod and cone photoreceptors (rd/rd cl) and(More)
The ’nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase’ histochemical technique was used as a marker of neuronal nitric oxide synthase to assess the presence of the enzyme in the anterior hypothalamus of the rat. Particular attention was focused on the subparaventricular zone, periventricular area and suprachiasmatic nucleus. The results show that(More)
Aging causes anatomical and functional changes in visual and circadian systems. In wild type mice rods, cones, and photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) decline with age. In rd/rd cl mice, the early loss of rods and cones is followed by protracted transneuronal loss of inner retinal neurons as well as the pRGCs. Here we use Fos induction to study(More)
A number of responses to light, including circadian entrainment and pupillary constriction, are preserved in mammals that lack rod and cone photoreceptors. Recent studies have demonstrated that a subset of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are intrinsically photosensitive, and that these RGCs project to regions of the brain associated with the regulation of the(More)