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Various studies have shown that established decision routines may become detrimental in changing environments. Routines can be formed at the level of options or at the level of strategies which has been demonstrated in different lines of research. It is unclear, however, which routinization level is spontaneously preferred if both are possible and equally(More)
Modeling the mechanisms that determine how humans and other agents choose among different behavioral and cognitive processes-be they strategies, routines, actions, or operators-represents a paramount theoretical stumbling block across disciplines, ranging from the cognitive and decision sciences to economics, biology, and machine learning. By using the(More)
Within the fast-and-frugal heuristics framework several strategies have been proposed to describe how people infer unknown criteria from knowledge stored in memory. An open question is how people select between the set of available strategies. We build upon previous work that maps environmental structures into mental representations to carve out for each(More)
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