Daniela L Caprara

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AIMS To compare the incorporation rate (ICR) of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) in hair between guinea pigs and humans, and to assess the relationship between ethanol exposure and FAEE concentrations in hair. METHODS Published data from pregnant guinea pigs, including maximum blood ethanol concentration (BEC), dosage regimen, and total hair FAEE(More)
The diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is a difficult task, especially in cases where clear, physical markers of in utero alcohol exposure are not apparent. Reviewed in the following paper are some older tools for screening alcohol use in pregnancy and present novel approaches to the diagnosis of FASD, including ethanol biomarker development to(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to cause fetal renal damage in pregnancy. Due to conflicting reports in the literature, their safety after first trimester exposure has been debated. Our aim was to determine whether the use of ACE inhibitors or ARBs in the first trimester of pregnancy is(More)
There is a public and professional debate on the usefulness of alcohol warning labels. This paper presents the major arguments in favor and against such labeling in the context of alcohol use in pregnancy. lcohol warning labels were initially introduced in 1989 to provide the public with repetitive reminders of the teratogenic potential of alcohol use.(More)
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