Daniela Kobbe

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The heterotrimeric RPA (replication protein A) protein complex has single-stranded DNA-binding functions that are important for all DNA processing pathways in eukaryotic cells. In Arabidopsis thaliana, which has five homologs of the RPA1 subunit and two homologs each of RPA2 and RPA3, in theory 20 RPA complexes could form. Using Escherichia coli as a(More)
Members of the conserved RecQ helicase family are important for the preservation of genomic stability. Multiple RecQ homologs within one organism raise the question of functional specialization. Whereas five different homologs are present in humans, the model plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) carries seven RecQ homologs in its genome. We performed(More)
The MUS81 endonuclease complex has been shown to play an important role in the repair of stalled or blocked replication forks and in the processing of meiotic recombination intermediates from yeast to humans. This endonuclease is composed of two subunits, MUS81 and EME1. Surprisingly, unlike other organisms, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) has two EME1(More)
RecQ helicases play an important role in the maintenance of genomic stability in pro- and eukaryotes. This is highlighted by the human genetic diseases Werner, Bloom's and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, caused by respective mutations in three of the five human RECQ genes. The highest numbers of RECQ homologous genes are found in plants, e.g. seven in(More)
RecQ helicases have essential roles in maintaining genome stability during replication and in controlling double-strand break repair by homologous recombination. Little is known about how the different RecQ helicases found in higher eukaryotes achieve their specialized and partially opposing functions. Here, we investigate the DNA unwinding of RecQ(More)
Genetic and biochemical analyses of SRS2 homologs in fungi indicate a function in the processing of homologous recombination (HR) intermediates. To date, no SRS2 homologs have been described and analyzed in higher eukaryotes. Here, we report the first biochemical characterization of an SRS2 homolog from a multicellular eukaryote, the plant Arabidopsis(More)
Helicases are essential for DNA metabolism. Different helicases have different properties tailored to fulfill their specific tasks. RecQ-helicases are known to be important in DNA repair and DNA recombination. In higher organisms several RecQ homologues can be identified. For instance, seven RecQ homologues were identified in the model plant Arabidopsis(More)
RecQ helicases are critical for the maintenance of genomic stability. The Arabidopsis RecQ helicase RECQ4A is the functional counterpart of human BLM, which is mutated in the genetic disorder Bloom's syndrome. RECQ4A performs critical roles in regulation of homologous recombination (HR) and DNA repair. Loss of RECQ4A leads to elevated HR frequencies and(More)
Holliday junctions (HJs) are physical links between homologous DNA molecules that arise as central intermediary structures during homologous recombination and repair in meiotic and somatic cells. It is necessary for these structures to be resolved to ensure correct chromosome segregation and other functions. In eukaryotes, including plants, homologs of a(More)
Kissing-loop annealing of nucleic acids occurs in nature in several viruses and in prokaryotic replication, among other circumstances. Nucleobases of two nucleic acid strands (loops) interact with each other, although the two strands cannot wrap around each other completely because of the adjacent double-stranded regions (stems). In this study, we exploited(More)