Daniela Kassahn

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Fas (CD95/Apo-1) ligand-mediated apoptosis induction of target cells is one of the major effector mechanisms by which cytotoxic lymphocytes (T cells and natural killer cells) kill their target cells. In T cells, Fas ligand expression is tightly regulated at a transcriptional level through the activation of a distinct set of transcription factors. Increasing(More)
Complement receptor type II (CR2/CD21) is the major receptor for C3d fragments on immune complexes. CD21 also serves as the receptor for Epstein-Barr virus in humans. On mature B cells, CD21 reduces the threshold of BCR signaling together with CD81, Leu13 and CD19, but it also occurs on other cells of the immune system where it performs unknown functions. A(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids (GC) are potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive steroid hormones, mainly produced by the adrenal glands. However, increasing evidence supports the idea of additional extra-adrenal sources of bioactive GC. The lung epithelium is constantly exposed to a plethora of antigenic stimuli, and local GC synthesis could contribute(More)
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF family with potent apoptosis-inducing properties in tumor cells. In particular, TRAIL strongly synergizes with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs to induce tumor cell death. Thus, TRAIL has been proposed as a promising future cancer therapy. Little, however, is known regarding what the(More)
The death ligand members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family are potent inducers of apoptosis in a variety of cell types. In particular, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has recently received much scientific and commercial attention because of its potent tumor cell-killing activity while leaving normal untransformed cells mostly(More)
Fas (CD95/Apo-1) ligand is a potent inducer of apoptosis and one of the major killing effector mechanisms of cytotoxic T cells. Thus, Fas ligand activity has to be tightly regulated, involving various transcriptional and post-transcriptional processes. For example, preformed Fas ligand is stored in secretory lysosomes of activated T cells, and rapidly(More)
The adaptive immune system, as mediated by T cells and B cells, plays an essential role in host defense. Throughout adult life the total number of T cells remains fairly constant, suggesting that their expansion and retraction is tightly regulated. However, in response to infection or immunization antigen-specific T cells must expand and develop various(More)