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Although many attempts have been made, stroke treatment options are still extremely limited and brain ischemia remains the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Two major strategies for ischemic stroke, reperfusion and neuroprotection, are currently being evaluated. Autophagy is a bulk protein degradation system that is involved in multiple(More)
Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of adult death and disability worldwide. Present applied therapeutic strategies do not give satisfactory results. It is often emphasized that pharmacological actions aimed at reducing the area of ischemic brain injury should protect astrocytes forming together with neurons and the endothelium neurovascular unit.(More)
Recent studies have implicated the role of autophagy in brain ischemia pathophysiology. However, it remains unclear whether autophagy activation is protective or detrimental to astrocytes undergoing ischemic stress. This study evaluated the influence of ischemia-induced autophagy on cell death and the course of intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis in primary(More)
Nutritional imbalance underlies many disease processes but can be very beneficial in certain cases; for instance, the antiepileptic action of a high fat and low carbohydrate ketogenic diet. Besides this therapeutic feature it is not clear how this abundant fat supply may affect homeostasis, leading to side effects. A ketogenic diet is used as anti-seizure(More)
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