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We examined the leaf chemical composition of six seedlings obtained by self-pollination of the Bulgarian wine-making variety Storgozia as well as the cultivar Bouquet, which is the susceptible parent of Storgozia. The chemical composition was investigated in the framework of a program for identification of metabolites associated with disease resistance in(More)
Chalcones (1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones) are open chain flavonoids that are widely biosynthesized in plants. They are important for the pigmentation of flowers and, hence, act as attractants to the pollinators. As flavonoids, chalcones also play an important role in defense against pathogens and insects. A longstanding scientific research has shown that(More)
The antibacterial activity of the medium chain fatty acids and their 1-monoglycerides was evaluated towards several Gram-positive strains belonging to the genera Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Listeria and Streptococcus. The 1-monoglycerides were more active than the fatty acids with monolaurin being the most active compound. Interesting effects(More)
We reported the synthesis, antifungal evaluation and study on substituent effects of 21 chalcones. A lot of genetically defined strains belonging to different yeast genera and species, namely Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hansenula polymorpha and Kluyveromyces lactis, were used as test organisms. Concerning the mode of the antifungal action of chalcones it was(More)
We examined metabolic profiles of acetone and butanol extracts obtained from the leaves of 18 seedlings of the Bulgarian wine-making cultivar Storgozia. The acetone extracts contained the components from the leaf surface, while the butanol extracts were enriched with polar components from inside the leaf tissue. The leaves displayed different degrees of(More)
A large series of chalcones were synthesized and studied for activity against Candida albicans. The SAR analysis showed that the antifungal activity was highly dependent on the substitution pattern of the aryl rings and correlated to a large extent with the ability of compounds to interact with sulfhydryl groups. The most active were the hydroxylated(More)
Efficient selective synthesis of the secondary amide surfactant N-methyl lauroylethanolamide from methyl laurate and N-methylethanol amine by carrier-fixed Chirazyme L-2 (Candida antarctica) using a kinetic strategy has been demonstrated. When different solvents were screened for product yields using Chirazyme L-2, acetonitrile was found to be optimal. The(More)
The ability of 11 chalcones with 3,4,5-trimethoxy substitution on ring A to inhibit the transport activity of P-glycoprotein was studied. Flow cytometry was applied in multidrug-resistant human mdr1 gene-transfected mouse lymphoma cells (L 5178 Y). The reversal of multidrug resistance (MDR) was investigated by measuring the accumulation of rhodamine-123 in(More)
A large series of chalcones were synthesized and studied against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Chalcones were either unsubstituted in ring A or possessed 4'-chloro or 3',4',5'-trimethoxy groups. Their other ring B was variously substituted. It was found that the anti-staphylococcal activity of chalcones was related to the energy difference(More)
Surface leaf metabolites of two seedlings of a Bulgarian winemaking cultivar Storgozia I(1) were analyzed in two seasons - summer (July) and autumn (October). The resistance towards some fungal pathogens of one of the plants was estimated as superior to the resistance of the other one. Significant seasonal variations in the chemical constituents of the two(More)