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In recent years, melatonin, i.e. the major endocrine product of the pineal gland, was investigated as to its possible regulatory role in the communication between the neuroendocrine and the immune systems. First indications that melatonin may be an endocrine immunomodulator came from early reports about antitumor effects in animals and humans. Since then(More)
A 20 h continuous treatment of rats with catecholamines, using subcutaneously implantable retard tablets, had either no (adrenaline, isoproterenol, midodrine) or a slight (noradrenaline) suppressive effect on the in vitro responsiveness of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes. A marked suppression of the mitogen response ensued when adrenaline, noradrenaline or(More)
Unlike splenic or blood lymphocytes, rat thymocytes spontaneously undergo continuously increasing apoptosis during culture. In this study we characterized apoptotic thymus cells of rats according to cell size, nuclear dye binding and surface marker expression. Furthermore, the effects of cell density in culture, the age of the donor animals,(More)
A 20-h treatment of rats with catecholamines using s.c.implantable retard tablets markedly suppresses the in vitro reactivity of peripheral blood (PBL) T lymphocytes, provided that beta-receptors are blocked with propranolol (Felsner et al., 1992). The results can be summarized as follows: (i) the suppressive effect of noradrenaline+propranolol to the(More)
For several years, our group has been studying the in vivo role of adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms in the immune-neuroendocrine dialogue in the rat model. The main results of these studies can be summarized as follows: (1) exogenous or endogenous catecholamines suppress PBL functions through alpha-2-receptor-mediated mechanisms, lymphocytes of the(More)
Topographical disorientation (TD) is a severe and persistent impairment of spatial orientation and navigation in familiar as well as new environments and a common consequence of brain damage. Virtual reality (VR) provides a new tool for the assessment and rehabilitation of TD. In VR training programs different degrees of active motor control over navigation(More)
We have compared the effects of indomethacin alone (100 microgram/mouse/day) with those of indomethacin plus adriamycin, 5-FU, nitrogen mustard, thioTEPA, and vincristine on B-16 tumor cell proliferation in vivo. As we have previously described, after four days of treatment with indomethacin, subcutaneous tumors were slightly smaller and lighter in weight,(More)
Histone H1 in the parasitic protozoan Leishmania is a developmentally regulated protein encoded by the sw3 gene. Here we report that histone H1 variants exist in different Leishmania species and strains of L. major and that they are encoded by polymorphic genes. Amplification of the sw3 gene from the genome of three strains of L. major gave rise to(More)
We have recently shown in rats that an in vivo treatment with catecholamines via alpha 2-receptors leads to a pronounced suppression of T- and B-cell mitogen responses of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), provided that a beta-blocker is administered concomitantly. Since melatonin (MEL) reportedly has stress-protective effects on several immune functions,(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of the beta-3-receptor agonist CGP-12177 on thyroxine (T4) deiodination in sympathectomized (SX) interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) were assessed in 300 g body weight (BW) Wistar rats. DESIGN Seven days after SX, groups of rats were implanted s.c. with pellets containing 5mg CGP-12177 or 5mg norepinephrine (NE) and were(More)