Daniela Guarino

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CONTEXT In obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), Roux-en-Y-gastric-bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SLG) improve glycemic control. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of surgery-induced T2DM improvement and role of gastrointestinal hormones. PATIENTS, SETTING, AND INTERVENTION: In 35 patients with T2DM, we(More)
CONTEXT Bariatric surgery can induce remission in a high proportion of severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate predictors and mechanisms of surgery-induced diabetes remission. PATIENTS AND SETTING Forty-three morbidly obese subjects (body mass index = 45.6 ± 5.0 kg/m(2)), 32 with T2DM and(More)
Since recent findings suggest a relationship between reduction in adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) and metabolic or vascular complications in obese patients (Ob-pts), increase in ATBF may be considered as a further goal in the treatment of obesity, besides fat mass reduction. Therefore, this preliminary study aimed at assess subcutaneous ATBF and vasomotion(More)
CONTEXT Postprandial hypoglycemia (PPHG) is a recognized complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Data on PPHG after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are scant. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to identify preoperative predictors of PPHG in subjects spontaneously self-reporting PPHG after RYGB or LSG. Patients, Setting, and(More)
The authors compare the efficacy of epidural morphine analgesia with continuous intercostal extrapleural block using bupivacaine 0.5% after thoracotomy. They affirm that antalgic treatment in thoracotomised patients is the most important factor in preventing the onset of major complications that may negatively influence the results of surgery. The efficacy(More)
OBJECTIVE Segmental carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is a gold standard method for arterial stiffness assessment; recently, a local carotid PWV measurement by ultrasound has been developed. The present study compared the impact of age and established risk factors on carotid and carotid-femoral PWV. METHODS Three hundred and seven volunteers (167(More)
Obesity is reaching epidemic proportions globally and represents a major cause of comorbidities, mostly related to cardiovascular disease. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction has a two-way relationship with obesity. Indeed, alterations of the ANS might be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity, acting on different pathways. On the other hand,(More)
BACKGROUND Remnant dimension is considered one of the crucial elements determining the success of sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and dilation of the gastric fundus is often believed to be the main cause of failure. OBJECTIVES The main outcome of this study is to find correlations between remnant morphology in the immediate post-operative stage, its dilation in(More)
The authors report a rare case of mesenteric cyst in a 36 years old woman. These cysts have a pathogenesis that primarily may be ectopic lymphatic tissue and their most common site is in the small bowel mesentery, especially of the ileum. In the case reported the cyst was located in the right mesocolon. Mesenteric cysts can appear as chronic abdominal pain,(More)
Between January 1989 and December 1994 we accomplished 130 CT-guided transthoracic fine needle aspirations (FNA) in 120 patients. Ten patients underwent a second FNA because of the negativity and doubts of the first. Diagnosis was targeted in 114 (95%) patients and 89% showed cytological evidence of malignancy. FNA-CT guided is reliable in the diagnosis of(More)