Daniela Grimaldi

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Patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a chief complaint of headache are common and are frequently clinically challenging. The primary role of ED physicians is to discriminate between the most common primary benign headaches and secondary potentially life-threatening headaches. There are several tools at the physician's disposal to(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the cardiovascular effects of chronic stimulation of the posterior hypothalamic area (PHA) in cluster headache (CH) patients. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), cardiac output, total peripheral resistance (TPR), heart rate (HR) and breathing were monitored at supine rest and during head-up tilt(More)
We investigated whether in human subjects, the pattern of coupling between the spontaneous fluctuations of heart period (HP) and those of systolic blood pressure (SBP) differs among wake-sleep states. Polysomnographic recordings and finger blood pressure measurements were performed for 48 h in 15 nonobese adults without sleep-disordered breathing. The(More)
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome of low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure characterised by postural headaches in patients without any history of dural puncture or penetrating trauma. Described by Schaltenbrand in 1938, SIH is thought to result from an occult CSF leak resulting in decreased CSF volume and, consequently, in low CSF(More)
Rapid-eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is an REM sleep parasomnia characterized by enactment of dream content during REM sleep associated with loss of muscle atonia. RBD can be either idiopathic or secondary to drugs or other diseases. The best recognized association is with neurodegenerative diseases, namely alpha-synucleinopathies. RBD(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the autonomic control of cardiovascular reflexes and heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and during orthostatic stress in narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC). METHODS Ten NC patients with a hypocretin deficit and 18 control subjects underwent head-up tilt test (HUTT), Valsalva manoeuvre, deep breathing and cold face under controlled(More)
We used multimodal magnetic resonance (MR) techniques [brain diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), proton MR spectroscopy (MRS), (1)H-MRS; and skeletal muscle phosphorous MRS, (31)P-MRS] to investigate interictal brain microstructural changes and tissue energy metabolism in four women with genetically determined(More)
OBJECTIVE Severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with poorer glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. It is not known whether obstructive events during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep have a different metabolic impact compared with those during non-REM (NREM) sleep. Treatment of OSA is often limited to the first half of the night, when(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that patients with Chronic Daily Headache (CDH) have higher levels of anxiety and depressive disorders than patients with episodic migraine or tension-type headache. However, no study has considered the presence of psychiatric comorbidity in the analysis of personality traits. The aim of this study is to investigate the(More)