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To ascertain whether the cannabinoid agonist HU 210 (25, 50, or 100 microg/kg, IP) influences rat spatial learning, water-maze performance was examined in the place (hidden platform)--and cue (visible platform)--versions of the Morris water maze. In addition, other unlearned behaviors were examined, namely, vocalization and wall hugging during the place(More)
Preliminary behavioral experiments in rats with the cannabinoid agonist HU 210 (12.5-100 microg/kg i.p.) showed that it has a potent cannabimimetic profile similar to that of delta9THC; the drug dose dependently depressed locomotor activity, rearing, and grooming and elicited vocalization and circling at the highest doses. In subsequent studies on pigeons,(More)
Two experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of sildenafil on spontaneous or dopamine agonist-induced behaviour in male rats. Data obtained in experiment 1 show that oral administration of the drug, at 1 mg/kg, significantly increased the occurrence of penile erections, anogenital self-grooming and homosexual mounting in grouped(More)
Experiments were performed on groups of rats after acute and sub-chronic treatment (once daily for 9 days) with the cannabinoid agonist HU 210 (25-100 microg kg(-1), i.p.) as well as 24 h and 7 days after the last drug injection. The animals underwent three behavioural tests in novel environments. In the observation cages (Test 1), rat locomotor activity(More)
Acute injection of the cannabinoid agonist HU 210 (6.25-100 microg/kg, i.p.) dose-dependently inhibited rat locomotor activity and rearing, while subchronic treatment with the drug (once daily for 7 days) at the same doses only diminished locomotion. Acute but not subchronic administration of HU 210 (12.5-50 microg/kg, i.p.) potently counteracted acute and(More)
The behavioral response to acute tissue injury is usually characterized by different phases, but the brain mechanisms underlying changes in pain-related behavior over time are still poorly understood. We aimed to analyze time-dependent changes in metabolic activity levels of 49 forebrain structures in the formalin pain model, using the autoradiographic(More)
CNS correlates of acute prolonged pain, and the effects of partial blockade of the central beta-endorphin system, were investigated by the quantitative 2-deoxyglucose technique in unanaesthetized, freely moving rats. Experiments were performed during the second, tonic phase of the behavioural response to a prolonged chemical noxious stimulus (s.c. injection(More)
The influence of the DA D2 antagonist (-) eticlopride on cocaine- and DA D2 agonist-induced behavioral effects was investigated by means of two series of experiments, in rats. In the first 10-day series, coadministration of (-) eticlopride (10 and 50 micrograms/kg, SC) always potently inhibited cocaine (15 mg/kg, IP)-induced hypermotility but did not modify(More)
Ischemic stroke is one of the main causes of death and disability. We investigated whether melanocortin peptides, which have protective effects in severe hypoxic conditions, also produce neuroprotection in a gerbil model of ischemic stroke. A 10-min period of global cerebral ischemia, induced by occluding both common carotid arteries, caused impairment in(More)
The present study investigates the effects induced by the putative DA D3 agonist 7-OH-DPAT (0.1 and 1 mg/kg, s.c.) on: (1) the sexual behavior of male rats, categorized on the basis of seven consecutive mating pre-tests as sexually-active (SA) and sexually-inactive (SI); and (2) stretching-yawning, penile erection, sedation and stereotyped behavior of the(More)