Daniela Fliegner

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We investigated sex differences and the role of estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) on myocardial hypertrophy in a mouse model of pressure overload. We performed transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or sham surgery in male and female wild-type (WT) and ERbeta knockout (ERbeta(-/-)) mice. All mice were characterized by echocardiography and hemodynamic(More)
Pressure overload (PO) first causes cardiac hypertrophy and then heart failure (HF), which are associated with sex differences in cardiac morphology and function. We aimed to identify genes that may cause HF-related sex differences. We used a transverse aortic constriction (TAC) mouse model leading to hypertrophy without sex differences in cardiac function(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy, the adaptive response of the heart to overload, is a major risk factor for heart failure and sudden death. Estrogen (E2) and estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) offer protection against hypertrophy and in the transition to heart failure. However, the underlying pathways remain incompletely defined. We employed a publicly available(More)
AIMS Oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) are involved in the regulation of pathological myocardial hypertrophy (MH). We hypothesize that both ER are also involved in physiological MH. Therefore, we investigated the role of ER in exercise-induced physiological MH in loss-of-function models and studied potential mechanisms of action. METHODS AND(More)
Availability of oxygen and nutrients in the coronary circulation is a crucial determinant of cardiac performance. Nutrient composition of coronary blood may significantly vary in specific physiological and pathological conditions, for example, administration of special diets, long-term starvation, physical exercise or diabetes. Quantitative analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND In pressure overload, profibrotic gene expression and cardiac fibrosis are more pronounced in males than in females. Sex-specific and estrogen-dependent regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs), such as miR-21, may be a potential mechanism leading to sex differences in fibrosis. OBJECTIVES To analyze the influence of sex, estrogen, and estrogen(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are key regulators for cardiac energy metabolism after myocardial injury. We hypothesized, that PPARs are regulated in myocardial infarction (MI) and their activity is modulated by angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). METHODS Following induction of MI, male rats were treated with placebo or(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 17β-estradiol (E2), the selective ERα agonist 16α-LE2, and the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) raloxifene on remodeling processes during the development of myocardial hypertrophy (MH) in a mouse model of pressure overload. Myocardial hypertrophy in ovariectomized female C57Bl/6J mice was(More)
In pressure overload (PO), sex differences in humans and rodents have been well documented and estrogen receptor (ER) β is considered cardioprotective. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Our aim was to investigate sex- and ERβ-specific effects in protein abundance in PO employing a 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis/mass(More)
The use of doxorubicin (DOXO) as a chemotherapeutic drug has been hampered by cardiotoxicity leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Folic acid (FA) is a modulator of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS), which in turn is an important player in diseases associated with NO insufficiency or NOS dysregulation, such as pressure overload and(More)