Daniela F Bischof

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Controversies abound concerning hematopoietic stem cell transduction by recombinant adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV) vectors. For human hematopoietic cells, we have shown that this problem is related to the extent of expression of the cellular receptor for AAV. At least a small subset of murine hematopoietic cells, on the other hand, does express both the AAV(More)
Conflicting data exist on hematopoietic cell transduction by AAV serotype 2 (AAV2) vectors, and additional AAV serotype vectors have not been evaluated for their efficacy in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell transduction. We evaluated the efficacy of conventional, single-stranded AAV serotype vectors 1 through 5 in primitive murine hematopoietic(More)
B-lymphocyte homeostasis and function are regulated by complementary actions of the TNFR family members TACI, BCMA, and BAFF-R, which are expressed by mature B cells. How these receptors are differentially activated is not entirely understood, because the primary ligand BAFF binds to all three. We searched for alternative ligands for TACI using recombinant(More)
The heme chaperone CcmE is essential for the delivery of heme to c-type cytochromes. It forms an unusual transient, yet covalent, bond between an essential histidine, H130, and heme. We report on the discovery of the chemical structure of this bond solved by NMR, where the heme vinyl is cross-linked at the beta carbon to the Ndelta1 of H130. As this type of(More)
Although conventional recombinant single-stranded adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (ssAAV2) vectors have been shown to efficiently transduce numerous cells and tissues such as brain and muscle, their ability to transduce primary hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) has been reported to be controversial. We have previously documented that among the ssAAV(More)
Lentiviral vectors have become an important research tool and have just entered into clinical trials. As wild-type lentiviruses engage specific receptors that have limited tropism, most investigators have replaced the endogenous envelope glycoprotein with an alternative envelope. Such pseudotyped vectors have the potential to infect a wide variety of cell(More)
We previously reported that among single-stranded adeno-associated virus (ssAAV) vectors, serotypes 1 through 5, ssAAV1 is the most efficient in transducing murine hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), but viral second-strand DNA synthesis remains a rate-limiting step. Subsequently, using double-stranded, self-complementary AAV (scAAV) vectors, serotypes 7(More)
Human ex vivo gene therapy protocols have been used successfully to treat a variety of genetic disorders, infectious diseases, and cancer. Murine oncoretroviruses (specifically, gammaretroviruses) have served as the primary gene delivery vehicles for these trials. However, in some cases, such vectors have been associated with insertional mutagenesis. As a(More)
Therapeutic levels of expression of the beta-globin gene have been difficult to achieve with conventional retroviral vectors without the inclusion of DNase I-hypersensitive site (HS2, HS3, and HS4) enhancer elements. We generated recombinant adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors carrying an antisickling human beta-globin gene under the control of either the(More)
Detection methods for immunoblot analysis are often based on peroxidase conjugates. However, molecular weight markers directly detectable for general use in such systems are not available. Here, we describe the preparation of a direct molecular weight marker consisting of heme-tagged proteins, whose enzymatic activities make them detectable simultaneously(More)