Daniela Di Giorgio

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Syringopeptin 25-A is a phytotoxic amphiphilic lipodepsipeptide containing 25 amino acid residues, produced by some isolates of the plant pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. Previous papers have reported its covalent structure and some of its biological properties. Attention has now been directed to define its conformation in solution, a(More)
The covalent structure and most of the stereochemistry of the pseudomycins, bioactive metabolites of a transposon-generated mutant of a Pseudomonas syringae wild-type strain proposed for the biological control of Dutch elm disease, have been determined. While two pseudomycins are identical to the known syringopeptins 25-A and 25-B, pseudomycins A, B, C, C'(More)
The structure of the fuscopeptins, bioactive lipodepsipeptides produced in culture by the gramineae pathogen Pseudomonas fuscovaginae, has been determined. The combined use of FAB mass spectroscopy NMR spectroscopy and chemical and enzymatic procedures allowed one to define a peptide moiety corresponding to(More)
Syringopeptin 25A, a pseudomonad lipodepsipeptide, can form ion channels in planar lipid membranes. Pore conductance is around 40 pS in 0.1 M NaCl. Channel opening is strongly voltage dependent and requires a negative potential on the same side of the membrane where the toxin was added. These pores open and close with a lifetime of several seconds. At(More)
The structure of the corpeptins, bioactive lipodepsipeptides produced in culture by Pseudomonas corrugata, the causal agent of tomato pith necrosis, has been determined. The combined use of FAB-mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy and chemical procedures has allowed us to assign the following primary structure to the peptide moiety:(More)
Similarly to other Pseudomonas lipodepsinonapeptides, pseudomycin A inhibits proton extrusion from maize roots, promotes closure of stomata in Vicia faba, necrosis of tobacco leaves, haemolysis of human erythrocytes, affects H(+)-ATPase activity and proton translocation in plasma membrane vesicles, and stimulates succinate respiration in pea mitochondria.(More)
We describe here the sequences of 3 new HLA-DRB1 variants officially named DRB1*03:05:03, DRB1*11:10:02, and DRB1*14:86. These novel alleles have been detected in 3 Caucasoid individuals by sequence-based typing. The first and second alleles are the result of a silent mutation, which does not imply any amino acid change. The sequence of DRB1*14:86 exhibits(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae produces two groups of cyclic lipodepsipeptides (LDPs): the nona-peptides syringomycins, syringostatins, and syringotoxin (ST), and the more complex syringopeptins composed of either 22 or 25 amino acid residues (SP22 and SP25). Both classes of peptides significantly contribute to bacterial pathogenesis and their primary(More)
The Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae phytotoxins syringomycin-E and syringopeptins 22-A and 25-A reversibly and noncompetitively inhibit purified H(+)-ATPase solubilized from plasma membrane of maize roots. Moreover, they increase the passive permeability to protons in phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine liposomes. Both effects are more pronounced(More)
A saprophytic fluorescent bacterium (strain M1) isolated from wheat was identified as Pseudomonas syringae and shown to produce the cyclic lipodepsipeptides, syringomycin E and syringopeptin SP25A. M1 grew in planta but did not affect germination or cause disease symptoms in wheat. The findings show that the production of these metabolites, generally(More)
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