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Based on our previous finding of the p.A382T founder mutation in ALS patients with concomitant parkinsonism in the Sardinian population, we hypothesized that the same variant may underlie Parkinson's disease (PD) and/or other forms of degenerative parkinsonism on this Mediterranean island. We screened a cohort of 611 patients with PD (544 cases) and other(More)
Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are the most common known cause of familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Few studies performed to date to assess frequency of these mutations are actually only representative of specific areas. Here we study the frequency and clinical phenotype of LRRK2 G2019S, I2020T and R1441C/G/H mutations in 356 Sardinian patients(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism is a possible factor contributing to the maternal parent-of-origin effect in multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. METHODS AND FINDINGS In order to investigate the role of mtDNA variations in MS, we investigated six European MS case-control cohorts comprising >5,000 individuals. Three well matched(More)
The objective of this study was to study genetic and phenotypic features of a family with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth consisting of a healthy father, affected mother, two affected sons and one healthy one. A detailed electrophysiological and neuroimaging study, along with sequencing of the Cx32 gene, was performed in all family members. A novel Cx32 123(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) mutations have been reported to cause both Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 2F and distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) although never previously in a single family. OBJECTIVE To analyse clinical and electrophysiological findings obtained in a single large Sardinian family bearing the HSP27 R127W(More)
The FTD includes three main clinical syndromes: the behavioural variant (bvFTD), semantic dementia and progressive non-fluent aphasia [1]. For the BvFTD, which is characterized by a rich constellation of psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, the differential diagnosis with psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia and affective disorders, may be challenging(More)
The Mediterranean island of Sardinia has a strikingly high incidence of the autoimmune disorders Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) and Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Furthermore, the two diseases tend to be co-inherited in the same individuals and in the same families. These observations suggest that some unknown autoimmunity variant with relevant effect size could be fairly(More)
It has been shown that different genes could be associated with distinctive clinical and radiological phenotypes of FTD. TARDBP gene has been described worldwide in few cases of FTD so its phenotype is still unclear. The objective is to study the clinical and radiological characteristics of TARDBP-related FTD. In the present study, we report clinical,(More)
Vitamin D response elements (VDREs) have been found in the promoter region of the MS-associated allele HLA-DRB1*15:01, suggesting that with low vitamin D availability VDREs are incapable of inducing *15:01 expression allowing in early life autoreactive T-cells to escape central thymic deletion. The Italian island of Sardinia exhibits a very high frequency(More)
Mutations in LRRK2 represent the most common causes of Parkinson's disease (PD) identified to date, but their penetrance is incomplete and probably due to the presence of other genetic or environmental factors required for development of the disease. We analyzed the presence of parkin sequence variants (mutations or polymorphisms) and exon rearrangements in(More)