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Based on recent data about the association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and migraine, we performed an observational study on the occurrence of RLS in patients affected by primary headaches. Two hundred headache patients (149 women and 51 men) and 120 (90 women and 30 men) sex-and age-matched control subjects were included. In the headache group,(More)
In order to investigate the prevalence of migraine with aura (MA) attacks according to the criteria set by the International Headache Society (IHS) for diagnosis down to the three-digit level of classification, and to determine the recurrence and possible variability of MA attacks over time, we conducted a 6-15-month-long prospective study on 64 MA patients(More)
We investigated the evolution over time of migraine with aura (MA) in a number of MA patients consecutively referred to the University of Parma Headache Center in the period 1976-86. The follow-up period chosen for our review of the clinical condition of patients varied from a minimum of 10 years to a maximum of 20 years. The study group comprised 81(More)
We describe the case of a patient with symptomatic strictly unilateral paroxysmal headache mimicking cluster headache related to an ipsilateral forehead lipoma. Interestingly, immediately after the surgical excision of the lipoma pain attacks disappeared with no recurrence during a follow-up period of 18 months. Like other descriptions of cluster-like(More)
Five years ago we reported the case of three patients affected by basilar-type migraine (BM) responsive to lamotrigine. At that time, proven treatment options for BM are rather limited and lamotrigine has been tested in BM patients because it was a widely tested treatment for migraine with aura. That positive 1-year experience leaded us to suggest that(More)
PURPOSE To ascertain the annual incidence rate and the clinical features, other than visual outcome, of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in Parma, northern Italy. METHODS Neurologic care of people living in the Parma area is entirely provided by one private and two public hospitals. Medical records related to IIH were retrospectively reviewed(More)
Migraine is a chronic disorder with complex pathophysiology involving both neuronal and vascular mechanisms. Migraine is associated with an increased risk of vascular disorders, such as stroke and coronary heart disease. Obesity and diabetes are metabolic disorders with a complex association with migraine. Insulin resistance, which represents the main(More)
We applied the International Headache Society (IHS) classification coding parameters to a study population of 652 cluster headache (CH) patients, in order to determine how many patients did not fulfil the diagnostic criteria for group 3.1 and to find out any diagnostic elements that could be changed in the upcoming revision of the classification to make it(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE, BACKGROUND, AND METHODS: Ever since it was proposed by Ekbom and Kugelberg back in 1968 on the basis of the different location of head pain during attacks, the differentiation of cluster headache into an upper syndrome (US) and a lower syndrome (LS) has been regarded as a purely academic distinction. To evaluate whether this(More)
We report a case of hypnic headache (HH) fulfilling the criteria proposed by the revised IHS headache classification and rapidly responsive to indomethacin. The patient is a 70-year-old housewife who presented with a 7-year history of strictly nocturnal headache attacks. The headache occurred every night with a frequency of 1 to 2 attacks occurring between(More)