Daniela Carta

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OBJECTIVE Obesity is frequently associated with modifications of thyroid size and function. We evaluated the prevalence of thyroid function abnormalities and the effects of puberty and weight loss in obese children and adolescents. METHODS We examined 468 obese children (255 girls and 213 boys aged 3.7-17.9 years) and 52 normal-weight age-matched children(More)
We evaluated the GH response to combined administration of pyridostigmine (PD), a cholinergic agonist, and GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) (60 mg PD given orally 60 min before the GHRH bolus) as well as baseline IGF-I concentrations in 10 patients (5 males and 5 females, age 6.0-24 years) with Prader-Labhard-Willi (PLW) syndrome, 8 prepubertal obese children (4(More)
We report the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment for 4 to 10 years in 15 prepubertal non-GH-deficient short children (10 boys, 5 girls, aged 7.4 to 13.2 years). In 7 patients, GH was administered at a dosage of 0.5 U/kg per week (group 1: 4 boys, 3 girls) and in 8 patients (group 2: 6 boys, 2 girls) at a dosage of 1.0 U/kg per week. After the first(More)
BACKGROUND Using recombinant human monoclonal thyroglobulin antibodies expressed as Fab molecules (TgAb-Fab), we have recently confirmed the restriction of Tg epitopes in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). OBJECTIVE To investigate Tg epitopes of serum TgAb in HT adults and HT juveniles from a geographically isolated area (Sardinia). DESIGN AND PATIENTS Serum(More)
Hexarelin (Hex) is a new synthetic hexapeptide with potent growth hormone (GH)-releasing activity in both animals and men. We evaluated the GH response to a maximal dose of Hex (2 micrograms/kg iv) and GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) (1-29, 1 microgram/kg iv) in 45 short normal children (24 males and 21 females, age 5.9-14 yr, 24 prepubertal and 21 in Tanner(More)
We have evaluated baseline and l-dopa-stimulated peripheral growth hormone releasing hormone (pGHRH) secretion in 6 obese pre-pubertal children and in 7 age-matched controls. Baseline pGHRH levels were no different between obese (36.6 +/- 9.8 pg/ml, mean +/- SE) and control children (40.6 +/- 10.1 pg/ml). Administration of l-dopa (500 mg po) caused a(More)
We have evaluated the effect of acute administration of atenolol, a selective beta-adrenergic antagonist, on the GH response to GHRH in nine obese children and in eight age-matched controls. The GH response to GHRH (1-29, 1 microgram/kg iv), evaluated both as the GH peak and as integrated area under the curve, was significantly lower in the obese children(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) displays a strong female predominance with female-to-male (F:M) ratios of 4-20:1 in adults and 2-9:1 in children and adolescents. Both genetic and hormonal factors are involved in this phenomenon. The relation between puberty and F:M ratio in CAT has never been evaluated. METHODS The F:M ratio of 133(More)
To examine pulsatile TSH secretion, serum TSH was determined every 30 min for 24 h in eight short normal prepubertal children (3 males and 5 females, age 4.0-12.6 yr). All children exhibited a clear circadian pattern of TSH secretion. Pulsatile TSH secretion was identified in all subjects with a mean (+/- SD) TSH pulse frequency of 6.9 +/- 1.2 pulses/24 h.(More)
these spatial limits of the solid state. Presently, one of the most fl ourishing research fi elds and at the same time one of the major challenges faced by contemporary solid state science and technology has been in designing, understanding, and controlling the properties of engineered nanostructures and functional nanomaterials (e.g., oxides). [ 1 ] The(More)