Daniela Carotti

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In an earlier study it was discovered that when Friend erythroleukemia cells (FELC) were exposed to a variety of chemical agents capable of inducing differentiation, their DNA underwent genome-wide transient demethylation. In an attempt to elucidate the biochemical mechanism responsible for this phenomenon we have induced FELC with 5 mM(More)
CpG islands are distinguishable from the bulk of vertebrate DNA for being unmethylated and CpG-rich. Since CpG doublets are the specific target of eukaryotic DNA methyltransferases, CpG-rich sequences might be expected to be good methyl-accepting substrates in vitro, despite their unmethylated in vivo condition. This was tested using a partially purified(More)
The acute promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) fusion product recruits histone deacetylase (HDAC) and DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) activities on retinoic acid (RA)-target promoters causing their silencing and differentiation block. RA treatment induces epigenetic modifications at its target loci and restores myeloid(More)
The effects of 3-deazaaristeromycin and 3-deazaadenosine on RNA methylation and synthesis were examined in the mouse macrophage cell line, RAW264. S-Adenosylhomocysteine accumulated in cells incubated with 3-deazaaristeromycin while S-3-deazaadenosylhomocysteine was the major product in cells incubated with 3-deazaadenosine and homocysteine thiolactone. RNA(More)
Genome-wide DNA hypermethylation induced by 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) has been suggested to be involved in the development of AZT resistance. We used a CD4 T-lymphoblastoid CEM line and its AZT-resistant MT500 variant with reduced thymidine kinase activity. Evaluation of total DNA methylation, after AZT treatment, failed to show an increase in the(More)
Aberrant de novo methylation of CpG island DNA sequences has been observed in cultured cell lines or upon malignant transformation, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. Using eukaryotic DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase (of both human and murine origin), we have studied the in vitro methylation pattern of three CpG islands.(More)
Thioredoxin plays a crucial role in a wide number of physiological processes, which span from reduction of nucleotides to deoxyriboucleotides to the detoxification from xenobiotics, oxidants and radicals. The redox function of Thioredoxin is critically dependent on the enzyme Thioredoxin NADPH Reductase (TrxR). In view of its indirect involvement in the(More)
Two clones of the L5 myoblast line (M6 and the fusion-defective M12) were examined for the expression of myogenin, one of the regulatory genes involved in the regulation of differentiation to myofibers after treatment with 3-deazaadenosine, a metabolic inhibitor of methyl transfer reactions. Cultures treated with 3-deazaadenosine showed, using Northern blot(More)
A procedure is described for characterization of the proteinic, peptidic, and amino-acidic components of human placental extracts. Four different preparations were analyzed. The first was an extract prepared in our laboratory from fresh on-term placenta. The other three were commercial products obtained by different procedures including autolysis and(More)
Previous studies in twins indicate that non-shared environment, beyond genetic factors, contributes substantially to individual variation in mutagen sensitivity; however, the role of specific causative factors (e.g. tobacco smoke, diet) was not elucidated. In this investigation, a population of 22 couples of monozygotic twins with discordant smoking habits(More)