Daniela Caetano Costa

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The mechanism by which vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) exerts an anticonvulsant effect in humans is unknown. This study used (99m)Tc-HMPAO single photon emission tomography (SPECT) to examine the effects of VNS on regional cerebral activity in thalamic and insular regions. Seven subjects with epilepsy who had been receiving vagal nerve stimulation for at(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (HF) is a syndrome characterized by reduced cardiac output in relation to the metabolic needs of the organism, as well as metabolic and neurohormonal axis abnormalities. Symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnoea are notorious and stress tests are widely used to assess functional capacity, prognosis and effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVES The differential diagnosis between essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD) may be, in some cases, very difficult on clinical grounds alone. In addition, it is accepted that a small percentage of ET patients presenting symptoms and signs of possible PD may progress finally to a typical pattern of parkinsonism. Ioflupane,(More)
BACKGROUND Characterized as a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness and postural tone, with quick and spontaneous recovery, syncope is caused by an acute reduction of systemic arterial pressure and, therefore, of cerebral blood flow. Unsatisfactory results with the use of drugs allowed the nonpharmacological treatment of neurocardiogenic syncope was(More)
Depression is a recognized feature of epilepsy. This study tested the hypothesis that depression arising in patients with epilepsy would be associated with decreased activity in brain regions previously demonstrated to be hypoperfused both in primary depression and in depression secondary to movement disorders. Two groups of patients with temporal lobe(More)
The acute respiratory distress syndrome is the clinical presentation of acute lung injury characterized by diffuse alveolar damage and development of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema due to increased pulmonary alveolar-capillary membrane permeability. Alveolar recruitment maneuvers and prone position can be used in the treatment of acute respiratory distress(More)
Chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) is a valvulopathy of slow and insidious evolution, and patients may remain asymptomatic for a long period of time. Exercise-induced systolic dysfunction occurs during the natural history of chronic AR and is related to changes in both preload and afterload. We describe the case of a 58-year-old woman with a diagnosis of(More)
We report on the utility of technetium 99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) to diagnose brain death following cardiac surgery on a 49-year-old man with triple-vessel coronary artery disease. The imaging parameters and criteria to diagnose irreversible brain damage (brain death) with 99mTc-HMPAO are outlined. Brain imaging with this tracer seems(More)
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