Daniela Caetano Costa

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The mechanism by which vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) exerts an anticonvulsant effect in humans is unknown. This study used (99m)Tc-HMPAO single photon emission tomography (SPECT) to examine the effects of VNS on regional cerebral activity in thalamic and insular regions. Seven subjects with epilepsy who had been receiving vagal nerve stimulation for at(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of MR white matter abnormalities in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS Brain MR studies of 43 patients (29 women and 14 men, 22 to 78 years old) with a clinical diagnosis of CFS (n = 15), CFS with associated depression (n = 14), and CFS with associated other psychiatric disorders, namely, anxiety and(More)
OBJECTIVES The differential diagnosis between essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD) may be, in some cases, very difficult on clinical grounds alone. In addition, it is accepted that a small percentage of ET patients presenting symptoms and signs of possible PD may progress finally to a typical pattern of parkinsonism. Ioflupane,(More)
Depression is a recognized feature of epilepsy. This study tested the hypothesis that depression arising in patients with epilepsy would be associated with decreased activity in brain regions previously demonstrated to be hypoperfused both in primary depression and in depression secondary to movement disorders. Two groups of patients with temporal lobe(More)
BACKGROUND Characterized as a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness and postural tone, with quick and spontaneous recovery, syncope is caused by an acute reduction of systemic arterial pressure and, therefore, of cerebral blood flow. Unsatisfactory results with the use of drugs allowed the nonpharmacological treatment of neurocardiogenic syncope was(More)
Using single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), we demonstrated that in patient A, a 20-year-old male with polycythaemia, the cerebral blood flow was decreased (presumably as a result of increased viscosity and or microemboli), probably leading to frightening visual distortions (dysmorphopsia) associated with scintillating specks of bright(More)
This study aimed to analyze the agreement between measurements of unloaded oxygen uptake and peak oxygen uptake based on equations proposed by Wasserman and on real measurements directly obtained with the ergospirometry system. We performed an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), which was applied to two groups of sedentary male subjects: one(More)
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