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We have identified a novel omega-hydroxy-alkanedicarboxylic acid, ESP 55016, that favorably alters serum lipid variables in obese female Zucker (fa/fa) rats. ESP 55016 reduced serum non-HDL-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), triglyceride, and nonesterified fatty acid levels while increasing serum HDL-C and beta-hydroxybutyrate levels in a dose-dependent manner. ESP(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is known to protect against atherosclerosis by promoting the reverse cholesterol transport. A new pathway for the regulation of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) removal involving F1-ATPase and P2Y13 receptor (P2Y13R) was described in vitro, and recently in mice. However, the physiological role of F1-ATPase/P2Y13R pathway in the(More)
Steric hindrance to solvation disfavors structures like 1 synanti in which the melamine exposes to the solvent faces, such as tBu-H, for whom binding to the ring nitrogen is hindered but not blocked; steric hindrance to solvation lowers the barriers to rotation in solvents which bind the triazine nitrogens, therefore these solvents display the fastest rates(More)
A series of long (11-15) hydrocarbon chain diols and diacids with various central functional groups and terminal gem-dimethyl or -methyl/aryl substituents was synthesized and evaluated in both in vivo and in vitro assays for its potential to favorably alter lipid disorders including metabolic syndrome. Compounds were assessed for their effects on the de(More)
Long hydrocarbon chain ethers with bis-terminal hydroxyl or carboxyl groups have been synthesized and evaluated for their potential to favorably alter lipid disorders including metabolic syndrome. Compounds were assessed for their effects on the de novo incorporation of radiolabeled acetate into lipids in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes as well as for(More)
Testosterone-17-hemisuceinate (T-17-HS) by esterification with succinic anhydride technique and Testosterone-3-carboxy-methyl-oxyme (T-3-CMO) derivatives were synthesized. The T-protein (BSA) conjugates were prepared by the condensation with carbodiimide technique, for the T-17-HS derivative and by the mixed anhydride technique, for the T-3-CMO. Both the(More)
Keto-substituted hydrocarbons with 11-19 methylene and bis-terminal hydroxyl and carboxyl groups have been synthesized and evaluated in both in vivo and in vitro assays for their potential to favorably alter lipid disorders including metabolic syndrome. Compounds were assessed for their effects on the de novo incorporation of radiolabeled acetate into(More)