Daniela Brodbeck

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Protein kinase B alpha (PKB alpha/Akt1) is implicated in the regulation of metabolism, transcription, cell survival, angiogenesis, cell migration, growth, and tumorigenesis. Previously, it was reported that PKB alpha-deficient mice are small with increased neonatal mortality (Cho, H., Thorvaldsen, J. L., Chu, Q., Feng, F., and Birnbaum, M. J. (2001) J.(More)
Protein kinase B is implicated in many crucial cellular processes, such as metabolism, apoptosis and cell proliferation. In contrast to Pkb(alpha) and Pkb(beta)-deficient mice, Pkb(gamma)(-/-) mice are viable, show no growth retardation and display normal glucose metabolism. However, in adult Pkb(gamma)mutant mice, brain size and weight are dramatically(More)
We have cloned human protein kinase Bgamma (PKBgamma) and found that it contains two regulatory phosphorylation sites, Thr305 and Ser472, which correspond to Thr308 and Ser473 of PKBalpha. Thus it differs significantly from the previously published rat PKBgamma. We have also isolated a similar clone from a mouse cDNA library. In human tissues, PKBgamma is(More)
Protein kinase B (PKB) is a member of the second messenger subfamily of protein kinases. The three isoforms of PKB identified have an amino-terminal pleckstrin homology domain, a central kinase domain, and a carboxy-terminal regulatory domain. PKB is the major downstream target of receptor tyrosine kinases that signal via the phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase.(More)
In insects, neurotransmitter catabolism, melatonin precursor formation, and sclerotization involve arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (aaNAT, EC 2.3.1.87) activity. It is not known if one or multiple aaNAT enzymes are responsible for these activities. We recently have purified an aaNAT from Drosophila melanogaster. Here, we report the cloning of the(More)
We have reported previously the cloning and characterization of human and mouse protein kinase B gamma (PKB gamma), the third member of the PKB family of second messenger-regulated serine/threonine kinases (Brodbeck, D., Cron, P., and Hemmings, B. A. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 9133--9136). Here we report the isolation of human and mouse PKB gamma 1, a(More)
The principal aim of the present experiments has been to analyze the properties of microglial cells and their role in nerve regeneration. In the leech, damage to the CNS has been shown to be followed by accumulation of laminin and microglial cells at the site of injury (Masuda-Nakagawa et al., 1990. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 241:201-206; and 1993. Proc. Natl.(More)
A monoclonal antibody G39, generated against a protein extract of leech central nervous system, labels specific cell types in adult, embryonic, and regenerating preparations. The antibody stained glial cells, microglial cells, and connective tissue cells, but not neurons or muscle on cryosections. The staining pattern resembled that of an intracellular(More)
In insects, arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferases (AANATs) have been implicated in several physiological processes, including sclerotization, inactivation of certain neurotransmitters, and, similar to the function in vertebrates, catalysis of the rate-limiting step in melatonin biosynthesis. Here, we report an extensive biochemical and functional analysis of(More)
Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a second messenger-regulated kinase that has been implicated in many crucial cellular processes, such as glucose metabolism, transcription, cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and growth (Brazil and Hemmings, 2001; Chan et al., 1999; Datta et al., 1999; Kandel and Hay, 1999; Scheid and Woodgett, 2001). Deregulation of PKB(More)