Daniela Begandt

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The scrape-loading/dye transfer technique was applied on the bovine aortic endothelial cell line GM-7373 to analyze the effects of the antithrombolytic drug dipyridamole on gap junction coupling in endothelial cells. We found that a cell treatment for 24 h with dipyridamole in therapeutically relevant concentrations (1-100 microM) increased gap junction(More)
KEY POINTS Gap junction channels are essential for the formation and regulation of physiological units in tissues by allowing the lateral cell-to-cell diffusion of ions, metabolites and second messengers. Stimulation of the adenosine receptor subtype A2B increases the gap junction coupling in the human blood-brain barrier endothelial cell line hCMEC/D3.(More)
The expression and physiology of purine receptors of the human blood–brain barrier endothelial cells were characterised by application of molecular biological, gene-silencing and Ca2+-imaging techniques to hCMEC/D3 cells. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed the expression of the G-protein-coupled receptors P2Y2-, P2Y6-, P2Y11- as well as(More)
Using the double whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we found that the absence of intracellular ATP led to gap junction uncoupling in cochlear-supporting Hensen cells. The uncoupling was observed as a progressive reduction of the gap junctional electrical conductance from a starting value of approximately 40 nS to less than 0.04 nS within 10–20 min. The(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp analysis revealed a resting membrane potential of -60 mV in primary osteoblasts and in the MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. Depolarization-induced action potentials were characterized by duration of 60 ms, a minimal peak-to-peak distance of 180 ms, a threshold value of -20 mV and a repolarization between the spikes to -45 mV. Expressed(More)
Previous data showed that dipyridamole enhanced gap junction coupling in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cell lines by a cAMP-dependent mechanism. The present study investigates the level at which dipyridamole affects gap junction coupling. In the GM-7373 endothelial cell line, scrape loading/dye transfer experiments revealed a rapid increase in gap(More)
Trafficking of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) during inflammation critically depends on the β2 integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) (CD11a/CD18) and macrophage-1 antigen (CD11b/CD18). Here, we identify coronin 1A (Coro1A) as a novel regulator of β2 integrins that interacts with the cytoplasmic tail of CD18 and is crucial for(More)
Neutrophils are the first cells arriving at sites of tissue injury or infection to combat invading pathogens. Successful neutrophil recruitment to sites of inflammation highly depends on specific molecular mechanisms, fine-tuning the received information into signaling pathways and converting them into well-described recruitment steps. This review(More)
The primary defense machinery to combat inflammation involves neutrophil granulocytes which in order to execute their functions rely on the efficiency of different cellular mechanisms including adhesion, spreading, migration in different environments, and phagocytosis. These functions require an accurately regulated actin network as well as the activation(More)
The rat aortic smooth muscle cell line A-10 was used to investigate the effect of dipyridamole on the gap junction coupling of smooth muscle cells. The scrape loading/dye transfer (SL/DT) technique revealed that dipyridamole concentrations between 5 μM and 100 μM significantly increased gap junction coupling. The adenosine receptor antagonist MRS 1754, as(More)