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Giant congenital naevi are pigmented childhood lesions that frequently lead to melanoma, the most aggressive skin cancer. The mechanisms underlying this malignancy are largely unknown, and there are no effective therapies. Here we describe a mouse model for giant congenital naevi and show that naevi and melanoma prominently express Sox10, a transcription(More)
Increased activity of the epigenetic modifier EZH2 has been associated with different cancers. However, evidence for a functional role of EZH2 in tumorigenesis in vivo remains poor, in particular in metastasizing solid cancers. Here we reveal central roles of EZH2 in promoting growth and metastasis of cutaneous melanoma. In a melanoma mouse model,(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) immunotherapy is an attractive approach in treating advanced cancer. However, by binding to its IL-2 receptor α (CD25) subunit, IL-2 exerts unwanted effects, including stimulation of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs) and contribution to vascular leak syndrome. We used a rational approach to develop a monoclonal antibody to(More)
DNA double strand breaks are the pivotal cellular damage induced by ionizing radiation. A plethora of molecular and cellular processes are activated as part of the cellular stress response that result in cell cycle arrest and induction of the DNA-repair machinery to restore the damage of DNA or to activate a cell death program. However ionizing radiation(More)
An intact VEGF receptor/PI3K/PKB/Akt signaling cascade protects endothelial cells from apoptotic stress-stimuli and mediates the formation of new blood vessels in pathological conditions such as cancer. Therefore, downregulation of this signaling cascade is of clinical interest for antiangiogenic cancer therapy. In this report, we demonstrate that VEGF(More)
Ionizing radiation induces an intracellular stress response via activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)/Akt survival pathway. In tumor cells, the PI3K/Akt pathway is induced through activation of members of ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases. Here, we investigated the receptor dependence of radiation-induced PI3K/Akt activation in tumor cells(More)
Activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)/Akt survival pathway protects against apoptotic stress stimuli. Therefore, compounds that down-regulate this pathway are of clinical interest for single and combined anticancer treatment modalities. Here we demonstrate that the cytotoxic effect of the protein kinase C (PKC)-inhibitor N-benzoylated(More)
In locally advanced epithelial malignancies, local control can be achieved with high doses of radiotherapy (RT). Concurrent chemoradiotherapy can improve tumor control in selected solid epithelial adult tumors; however, treatment-related toxicity is of major concern and the therapeutic window often small. Therefore, novel pharmacologic radiosensitizers with(More)
Circulating myeloid cells such as plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), blood DC and monocytes act as blood sentinels detecting invading pathogens through a large repertoire of expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs). Activation of these receptors is crucial to detect invading pathogens by the innate immune system. In the present work, we analysed the TLR(More)
Previously, we screened the symbiotic gene region of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum chromosome for new NifA-dependent genes by competitive DNA-RNA hybridization (A. Nienaber, A. Huber, M. Göttfert, H. Hennecke, and H. M. Fischer, J. Bacteriol. 182:1472-1480, 2000). Here we report more details on one of the genes identified, a hemN-like gene (now called(More)