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In the frame of a French monitoring program, tri- to deca- polybromodiphenylethers (PBDE) have been measured in maternal and cord serum, adipose tissue, and breast milk samples, collected from 93 volunteer women during caesarean deliveries. The seven major tri- to heptaBDE (BDE-28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, and 183) were detected in adipose tissue and breast(More)
We investigated the metabolic fate of a low dose (25 micro g/kg) of bisphenol A [2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-phenyl)propane] (BPA) injected subcutaneously in CD1 pregnant mice using a tritium-labeled molecule. Analytic methods were developed to allow a radio-chromatographic profiling of BPA residues in excreta and tissues, as well as in mothers' reproductive tracts(More)
In vitro genotoxicity tests used in regulatory toxicology studies are sensitive, but the occurrence of irrelevant positive results is high compared with carcinogenicity studies in rodents. Current in vitro genotoxicity tests are also often limited by relatively low throughput. The aim of this study was to validate an in vitro genotoxic assay in a 96-well(More)
A French monitoring study was initiated to evaluate the exposure of fetus and newborn to brominated flame retardants (BFR). A previously developed multi-residue analytical method was used for measuring the main classes of BFR (tetrabromobisphenol-A, and tri- to decabomodiphenyl ethers) in various human biological matrices. Analyzed samples (maternal and(More)
BACKGROUND Phthalic acid esters are widely used in the manufacture of plastics. Numerous studies have shown that these phthalates impair testicular testosterone production in the rat. However, the scarce and contradictory data concerning humans have cast doubt over whether these compounds are also anti-androgenic in man. We therefore investigated the direct(More)
The biotransformation of chemicals by the skin can be a critical determinant of systemic exposure in humans following dermal absorption. Pig ear skin, which closely resembles human skin, is a candidate ex vivo alternative model for the investigation of xenobiotics penetration and metabolism. We developed an ex vivo pig ear skin model and explored its(More)
Biotransformation of chemicals by the skin is a critical determinant of systemic exposure in humans following dermal absorption. Pig ear skin potentially represents a valuable alternative model since it closely resembles to human skin. We developed an ex vivo pig ear skin system which absorption, diffusion and metabolic capabilities were investigated using(More)
The biological effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) are mediated by the two estrogen receptor (ER) isoforms ERalpha and ERbeta. These receptors are ligand-inducible transcription factors that belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. These receptors are also targets for a broad range of natural and synthetic compounds that induce ER activity, including(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal exposure to low-doses of bisphenol A (BPA) results in alterations in the ovary, uterus, and mammary glands and in a sexually dimorphic region of the brain known to be important for estrous cyclicity. OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine whether perinatal exposure to environmentally relevant doses of BPA alters reproductive capacity. (More)
In this study, the use of recombinant estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-based affinity columns was reported, for the isolation and the identification of estrogenic substances present in complex matrices, focusing on bioactive compounds present in foodstuff. The capability of affinity columns to trap high, but also low-affinity radio-labelled ligands(More)